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Car-Free Movement Gaining Steam in Europe and Elsewhere
"When Oslo revealed plans to ban all private vehicles from the centre by 2019, it joined a lengthening list of cities seeking to shift the focus away from cars and towards greener, citizen-focused mobility solutions," writes Cathcart-Keays, a freelance journalist writing on urbanism and sustainability who currently works on the The Guardian's Cities coverage. The Oslo plan was also described here by Erling Fossen, a Planetizen blogger and dedicated Oslopolitan.
Helsinki has ambitious plans to make its “mobility on demand” service so good that nobody will want to drive a car in the centre by 2025, while Paris’s car-free days have successfully reduced high pollution. New cities – such as the Great City on the outskirts of Chengdu, China, and Masdar near Abu Dhabi – plan to focus on mass transit or electric cars as alternatives to gas-guzzling private cars.
Air pollution mitigation
There is a strong relationship with with auto bans, or partial bans, to be more precise, and clean air. Take Paris - just last month it won the right to introduce auto restrictions in advance of the COP21 talks to be held in that city, writes The Guardian's Kim Willsher.
The mayor of Paris, Anne Hidalgo, has won a long-running battle with the French government to introduce emergency traffic bans in the city when air pollution spikes.
The move to speed up the introduction of alternate driving days for cars with odd and even number registration plates was announced after pollution spiked in the French capital on (Nov. 2).
The same restriction was enacted in Beijing on Dec. 7 as a result of the city's first "red alert" due to unhealthy levels of air pollution. But Paris has also gone beyond driving restrictions to combat pollution and initiated car bans in entire districts, as described by Planetizen blogger Josh Stephens and here by Managing Editor James Brasuell.
Greenhouse gas emission reduction
"The Norwegian capital’s announcement came last month as part of a wider political initiative by the newly elected leftist municipal government to halve the city’s emissions by 2020," writes Cathcart-Keays. "On top of implementing a no-car zone within the city’s central ring road, Oslo plans a number of other proposals, including building at least 40 miles of new bike lanes, introducing rush-hour charges (on top of existing congestion fees) and removing parking spaces."
Cathcart-Keays goes on to describe the Parisian plans, with emphasis on banning diesel cars, as well as those in other cities including Brussels, Dublin, Hamburg, Madrid, Milan, even Davis, Calif., thought it's "not a typical American city; it’s in thrall to the bicycle," writes Carlton Reid for The Guardian-Cities.
Hat tip to Metro Transportation Library.