The Golden State of Disabled Drivers

"Something is wrong," proclaimed Los Angeles Assemblyman Mike Gatto (D), "when one in eight California drivers claims a disability." Gatto has introduced two bills: one to address disabled parking, the other could promote variable pricing of parking.

April 4, 2016, 8:00 AM PDT

By Irvin Dawid

Credit: City of Santa Barbara

At a March 23 press event in downtown Los Angeles, "Assemblymember Mike Gatto (D-L.A., Glendale) outlined the magnitude of placard abuse issues, citing state statistics: of 24 million CA drivers, three million have some form of disability parking placard, whether a permanent or temporary placard, or a disabled person license plate," writes Joe Linton for Streetsblog California

The disabled parking abuse manifests itself in ways that exceed the the number of motorists using the placards. It's the inordinate number of parking places that vehicles bearing disabled placards occupy, which can easily exceed one in eight spaces. In fact, it can reach an astounding 100 percent as the data below indicates.

Not only does this abuse reduce parking for all users, particularly those with true disabilities, but it weakens variable (also called dynamic) pricing used by newer, more advanced parking systems, and covered under Gatto's second bill.

AB 2602: "Disability Parking Placards," addresses the abuse at the state level that should assist cities tackle the huge scope of the problem. The bill would:

  • "Streamline the processes by which the DMV takes back disability placards after the death of the disabled person.
  • "Require re-application for disabled placards after a placard expires.
  • "Removes state restrictions, allowing local jurisdictions (that meet certain criteria) to charge for and to enforce time restrictions on disability placard parking."

In his earlier Streetsblog LA editorial, Linton cites UCLA Professor Donald Shoup in a 2011 interview with Sreetsblog LA about "ExpressPark," LA's variable-priced parking system. It's tough to implement such a system when so many motorists are immune from it. Shoup states:

The main problem we already have in L.A. is the widespread abuse of handicapped placards.  A disabled placard in California is like a “free parking” pass for the entire state.  One of our students just finished his Masters thesis on placard abuse in downtown.  He surveyed one block on Flower Street where there are 14 metered parking spaces.  Most of the spaces were filled most of the time with cars that had disabled placards.  For five hours of the day, all fourteen spaces were occupied by cars with disabled placards.

Although the meter rate was $4 an hour, the meters earned only 32¢ an hour in collections because most of the time the meters were occupied by cars that paid nothing.

For an in-depth academic review of the problem, see "Parking without Paying," Spring Issue, 2013 in University of California's Access Magazine, by Cornell University urban planning professor Michael Manville and Seattle transportation planner, Jonathan Williams.

Portland, Ore. tried a difference approach, effective July 2014, focusing only on the "free parking" aspect of the placard, as an earlier post indicates:

The new policy is simple: owners of disabled parking placards are treated like non-disabled motorists, i.e., pay to park, though they can park for a longer period. The one exception to the payment policy is for wheelchair users who are distinguished by a different type of placard. [See time chart and placard distinction on the Portland Bureau of Transportation website.]

"Gatto also stumped for AB 2586, the so-called “Parking Bill of Rights,” writes Linton, describing it as "somewhat mixed bag from a livability perspective." Among the six bullets he lists:

  • Requires local governments to consider variable pricing when installing high-tech parking meters 

Hat tip to Len Conly, Sierra Club's Bay Area Transportation Forum.

Wednesday, March 23, 2016 in Streetsblog California

Chicago Commute

Planning for Congestion Relief

The third and final installment of Planetizen's examination of the role of the planning profession in both perpetuating and solving traffic congestion.

May 12, 2022 - James Brasuell

Twin Cities

Minneapolis Housing Plan a Success—Not for the Reason You Think

Housing advocates praise the city’s move to eliminate single-family zoning by legalizing triplexes on single-family lots, but that isn’t why housing construction is growing.

May 13, 2022 - Reason

Single-Family Housing Construction

New White House Housing Initiative Includes Zoning Reform Incentives

The Biden administration this morning released a new program of actions intended to spur housing construction around the United States.

May 16, 2022 - The White House

Complete Street Vancouver

Study: Most of Vancouver Is a ‘15-Minute City’

A large majority of Vancouver residents can access a grocery store in 15 minutes or less by bicycle or on foot.

May 20 - Vancouver Sun

Montreal, Quebec

Urban Design, Transport, and Health

The Lancet medical journal published a series of articles that explore how to evaluate and guide urban planning decisions to create healthy and sustainable cities. Live long and prosper!

May 20 - The Lancet - Urban Design, Transport, and Health

MoGo Bikeshare Bikes

Detroit Bike Share Celebrates Five Years

In its five years of operation, Detroit’s MoGo bikeshare has added electric and adaptive bikes to its fleet of more than 600 bikes.

May 20 - MoGo

HUD’s 2022 Innovative Housing Showcase

HUD's Office of Policy Development and Research

Expanding HUD’s Eviction Protection Grant Program

HUD's Office of Policy Development and Research

New Updates on The Edge

HUD's Office of Policy Development and Research

Urban Design for Planners 1: Software Tools

This six-course series explores essential urban design concepts using open source software and equips planners with the tools they need to participate fully in the urban design process.

Hand Drawing Master Plans

This course aims to provide an introduction into Urban Design Sketching focused on how to hand draw master plans using a mix of colored markers.