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In Houston, at least, two recent studies show that rail was a sound investment, notes Dian Nostikasari at Rice University’s The Urban Edge.
The first, from Texas Southern University, concluded, “[T[here have been measurable positive impacts from the development of light rail, at least on the Main Street corridor.”
The second, from one researcher with the Washington State Department of Transportation and another from the Texas A&M Transportation Institute, “examined changing land use within approximately half-mile of the rail stations along the original red, purple and green line in Houston.”
“That study found that along the original red line, there was a rise in commercial development that happened after the light rail came in but that began even before the red line was constructed. The study also found, increased development on vacant lands along these rail lines. This is a good thing as vacant land in cities like Houston tends to represent a lack of investment. Even as the Houston region continued to face a shortage of affordable housing supply, residential units along these rail lines increased – a trend across the country as living close to transit becomes a more attractive option.”
After many years of resistance to investing in public transit, light rail in Houston has been well received, as has the city’s investment in the bus system; together they represent a cultural and bureaucratic shift towards “walkable urbanism” in the city that doesn’t zone.
“Houston continues to grow but is at a crossroads post-Harvey,” Nostikarari writes. “Can it afford to continue growing as before and face the long-term consequences of being a car-dependent, outward growing metropolis? Or must it begin to think about prioritizing growing inward by improving its public transportation infrastructure and putting work places and other important destinations close to where people live while ensuring residents