Keep up with essential planning news and commentary, delivered to your inbox every Monday and Thursday.
An Unexpected Advocate for Utah's Vehicle-Miles-Traveled Fee
Even before the five-cent gas tax increase goes into effect on January 1, counties in Utah will have the option to allow voters to increase general sales taxes by one-quarter percent in November due to a provision in the the legislation signed in March by Republican Gov. Gary Herbert.
The group makes clear they are for good roads and transit—it's the non-user fee mechanism, the sales tax "which has no direct correlation to Utah’s roads" they oppose.
Instead of trying to hide the cost of Utah’s roads in a sales tax, Utah’s lawmakers need to be innovative and forward thinking in how the state can ensure the transportation funding system is sustainable long term.
They need to consider a vehicle miles traveled (VMT) system of assessing individual road use and funding highways. This type of funding mechanism would ensure that the cost of roads is borne by the users and would prevent alternative fuel users from avoiding paying their fair share for the use of the state’s transportation system.
The group adds that "Utah is already part of a twelve state coalition [PDF] studying VMT as a way of funding highways. Your Utah Taxpayers Association encourages greater exploration into VMT by UDOT and the State Legislature."
Notwithstanding this recent endorsement of user fees, it did not prevent the group in March from blasting Gov. Herbert for signing the gas tax increase legislation.
Sales tax revenues raised on a local level would be substantial. If all counties agree to put the transportation sales tax measures on the ballot and they all pass, the revenues would be twice the amount of the additional five-cent gas tax in 2016 according to a fiscal note in HB 362, adds the taxpayers association.
What may be particularly noteworthy about the group's position, in addition to a taxpayer group endorsing a mileage fee, is that heretofore most comparisons have been between gas taxes and vehicle-miles-traveled fees, not the latter and sales taxes.
While the Utah Taxpayers Association may be the first, if not only taxpayers group to support a VMT fee, they are certainly not alone.
A July survey of transportation professionals by Politico found that respondents agreed that "(t)he gas tax, our main source of highway money since the 1950s, is probably doomed" and that "the most promising idea, to judge by the numbers, is to charge individual drivers a mileage fee."