How Oakland Is Fixing its Pandemic Planning Equity Problem

The Oakland Slow Streets program, one of the most controversial developments of the early pandemic, has evolved to become the Essential Places initiative, thanks to new planning practices and a commitment to equity in Oakland, California.

2 minute read

November 16, 2020, 9:00 AM PST

By James Brasuell @CasualBrasuell

Juneteenth Protests

Protestors gather at the Port of Oakland on Juneteenth, 2020. | Sheila Fitzgerald / Shutterstock

Early pandemic, when stay-at-home orders were in place around much of the country and people leaving their cars in driveways in numbers not seen since the dawn of the automobile, the open streets movement began to gain transformative momentum as a way for weary residents to get out and safely exercise.

Oakland, California was one of the early leaders in the effort, announcing 74 miles of slow streets in Aprilweeks and even months before the idea would gain wide acceptance around the country. As the first, and with its history of gentrification and displacement, Oakland was also one of the first to hear criticisms that would become more vocal as the idea spread to other cities: that open streets and other programs suffered from a misunderstanding of equity and the realities of being people of color in public.

An article by Rikha Sharma Rani picks up the story in Oakland six months later to detail how planners have shifted their pandemic response to provide more equitable benefits. The article focuses on the city's deployment of the Essential Places initiative, launched in May "to reduce the threat to pedestrians in these high-injury corridors, many of them located in low-income communities of color," according to the article. "The initiative consists of an assortment of cones, barricades and signage strategically placed to slow or divert traffic."

Rikha Sharma Rani describes the Essential Places initiative as a replacement for the city's Open Streets program from April. The earlier program revealed a blindspot in the city’s planning, according to Rikha Sharma Rani: "At a time when urban planners are increasingly being called out for white elitism, Oakland is feeling its way, clumsily at times, down a different, more equitable path."

The transformation of the Slow Streets initiative into the more equitable Essential Places initiative involved weekly public meetings conducted by the city's Essential Places team, led by Warren Logan. The process of earning public trust during that process, and implementing the lessons gained along the way, is available in feature-length detail in the source article.

To be clear, the effort is framed as a success, and as a model for a more equitable approach to planning:

Perhaps not surprisingly, the pivot from slow streets to essential places in distressed neighborhoods, in direct response to the community’s feedback, has been generally well received. According to Department of Transportation data, there have been no collisions at designated Essential Places sites, even though all are part of the city’s high injury network where most collisions occur.

Thursday, October 8, 2020 in We Are Not Divided

Aerial view of snowy single-family homes in suburban Long Island, New York

New York Governor Advances Housing Plan Amid Stiff Suburban Opposition

Governor Kathy Hochul’s ambitious proposal to create more housing has once again run into a brick wall of opposition in New York’s enormous suburbs, especially on Long Island. This year, however, the wall may have some cracks.

March 20, 2023 - Mark H. McNulty

Empty parking garage at night with yellow lines marking spots and fluorescent lighting

Rethinking the Role of Parking in the American City

In cities big and small, the tide is turning against sprawling parking lots, car-centric development, and minimum parking mandates.

March 16, 2023 - The New York Times

A futuristic version of New York City, with plants growing neatly on top of modern skycrapers.

Friday Eye Candy: 20 AI-Generated Cityscapes

AI-generated images are creating new landscapes and cityscapes, capable of inspiring awe or fear.

March 17, 2023 - Chris Steins via Medium

Rendering of Baylor Scott & White Health Administrative Center in Deep Ellum, Dallas, Texas

A Dallas Architect Designs Statement Buildings With a Purpose

The Dallas Morning News’ architecture critic profiles one of the city’s most important current architects.

26 minutes ago - The Dallas Morning News

A mountain range at sunset appears in the background of this photo, with cacti in the foreground.

Biden Designates a New National Monument in West Texas

The Castner Range National Monument in West Texas is the second of two new national monuments announced by President Joe Biden this week.

2 hours ago - The White House

View of street in Chinatown, San Francisco with cars parked along curb and red Chinese lanterns hanging above street

Study: Autonomous Cars Won’t Solve the Parking Problem

In hyper-dense cities where incentives to reduce car use and eliminate parking are already high, mass adoption of AVs won’t significantly reduce parking demand.

4 hours ago - Streetsblog USA

New Updates on PD&R Edge

HUD's Office of Policy Development and Research

HUD’s 2023 Innovative Housing Showcase

HUD's Office of Policy Development and Research

Urban Design for Planners 1: Software Tools

This six-course series explores essential urban design concepts using open source software and equips planners with the tools they need to participate fully in the urban design process.

Planning for Universal Design

Learn the tools for implementing Universal Design in planning regulations.