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"The popular notion that the COVID-19 pandemic has been 'good for the environment'—that nature is recovering while humanity stays at home— appeals to many people grasping for some upside to the global tragedy. Reality, though, may not cooperate with such hopes," writes Beth Gardiner, author of Choked: Life and Breath in the Age of Air Pollution.
While early positive signs have begun to dissipate, the more gloomy signs that the recovery could take steps in the other direction are starting to emerge.
"In early April, with shutdowns widespread, daily global carbon emissions were down by 17 percent compared to last year. But as of June 11, new data show that they are only about 5 percent lower than at the same point in 2019, even though normal activity has not yet fully restarted."
But that's not the only gloomy news. In some parts of the world more capable of reopening the economy than the United States, like China, the recovery is proving dirtier than the pre-pandemic.
"As factories pushed to make up for lost time, pollution returned in early May to pre-coronavirus levels, and in some places surpassed them for a short time, although it’s fallen back a bit since. Meanwhile, provincial officials desperate for the economic boost that comes with any construction are giving the go-ahead to a raft of new coal-fired power plants," reports Gardiner, citing data provided by Lauri Myllyvirta, lead analyst at the Helsinki-based Center for Research on Energy and Clean Air.
Then there are the actions of governments, like the United States, which rolled back environmental protections during the pandemic, allowing polluters free rein if and when business does eventually pick back up. A similar free-for-all is already underway in Brazil, where "illegal loggers have accelerated their destruction of the Amazon rainforest while the coronavirus ravages the nation," according to Gardiner.