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A 'Call to Action' to Find Reasons for Increase in Traffic Fatalities

The U.S. Department of Transportation wants to hear from the public to help explain the 35,092 traffic deaths last year, an increase of 2,348 people from 2014. It has issued a 'call to action' to help interpret the data.
September 8, 2016, 12pm PDT | Irvin Dawid
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The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) issued final 2015 traffic fatality data on Aug. 31, revising its preliminary 2015 estimate of 35,200. Note that they use different data from the National Safety Council which released preliminary 2015 data in February. 

"We’re directly soliciting your help to better understand what these data are telling us," write DJ Patil, Deputy Chief Technology Officer for Data Policy and Chief Data Scientist in the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy, and Dr. Mark Rosekind, Administrator of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), in the U.S. DOT blog, Fast Lane. (Cross-posted at the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy blog).

Whether you’re a non-profit, a tech company, or just a curious citizen wanting to contribute to the conversation in your local community, we want you to jump in and help us understand what the data are telling us.

We are calling on data scientists, public health experts, students and researchers—even if you have never thought about road safety before—to dive in to these data and help answer these important questions, especially on tough issues like pedestrian and bicyclist fatalities.

The data comes in the forms of:

"The last single-year increase of this magnitude was in 1966, when fatalities rose 8.1% from the previous year," notes the NHTSA release. The chart below only dates back to 1975.

Traffic fatalities graphic 1

Courtesy of Fast Lane

From NHTSA Aug. 29 press release:

According to NHTSA, job growth and low fuel prices were two factors that led to increased driving, including increased leisure driving and driving by young people. More driving can contribute to higher fatality rates. In 2015, vehicle miles traveled (VMT) increased 3.5% [PDF] over 2014, the largest increase in nearly 25 years. [See Planetizen news post and blog on the end of peak car].

However, correlation with increased driving does not imply causation. Why would fatalities increase at twice the rate of VMT?

While the research note provides a chart for the change in crash causes [see page 6: Figure 9: Percentage Change by Human Choice Category, 2014–2015], with distracted driving showing the largest increase at 8.8%, the only actual numbers and percentage for the 35,092 total fatalities is for alcohol-related crashes:

  • Alcohol-impaired driving fatalities increased by 3.2 percent, from 9,943 in 2014 to 10,265 in 2015. [29%].

Here's what National Safety Council recently listed as the three main causes:

According to Injury Facts 2016, the Council’s annual report on unintentional injuries, the three biggest causes of fatalities on the road include:

  1. Alcohol (30.8%)
  2. Speeding (30%)
  3. Distracted driving (26%)

Finally, to see a break-out of categories of "Fatality and Injury Changes by Person Type", scroll down to page 4, Table 3, "Occupants and Nonoccupants Killed and Injured in Traffic Crashes."

As with past years, the two greatest increases were for cyclists (12.2%) and pedestrians (9.5%). See recent posts on bike and pedestrian fatalities.

DOT wants to hear from you!

OK, readers, here's your opportunity to share your insights with the U.S. DOT. After reviewing August 2016 "Traffic Safety Facts" Research Note: 2015 Motor Vehicle Crashes: Overview, send a note to [email protected]. Note the four bulleted questions Patil and Rosekind suggest.

Related national traffic fatality data posts this year:

Hat tip to Mark Boshnack.

Full Story:
Published on Monday, August 29, 2016 in Fast Lane (DOT blog)
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