Part I occurred when President Biden banned the importation of all Russian fossil fuels on March 8. A month later, Congress passed legislation to codify the embargo. Getting the European Union onboard is proving cumbersome.
“Leaders of the Group of 7 nations pledged during a virtual meeting on Sunday with President Volodymyr Zelenskyy to ban or phase out Russian oil, aiming to still further erode Russia’s economic standing as it pursues its invasion of Ukraine,” wrote New York Times correspondents Emma Bubola and Eduardo Medina on May 8.
However, three of the members, France, Germany, and Italy, would need to have the approval of the 27-member European Union.
“The European Union, which gets about a quarter of its crude oil imports from Russia, has also announced plans for phasing out Russian oil, but is still in talks to formalize the decision,” add Bubola and Medina.
The bloc is too dependent on Russian gas to consider banning it in the short term, but has laid out plans to become progressively independent from it.
The Hungary exception
Barbara Moens, a Brussels-based correspondent for POLITICO, has been following the progress toward the 27-member EU oil ban. Carve-outs for Hungary, Slovakia and the Czech Republic were made in order to give them more time to secure alternate sources of oil, but Viktor Orbán, the prime minister of Hungary and friend of Russian President Vladimir Putin, is driving a hard bargain.
“In the last few days, Hungary has blocked plans for EU-wide sanctions on Vladimir Putin's oil industry, which European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen proposed on May 4,” reported Moens on May 9 in the source article. “Hitting Russian oil sales is seen as vital to limiting a key revenue stream funding Putin's war in Ukraine.”
The Commission is proposing phasing out Russian crude oil imports within six months and refined fuels by the end of this year.
Securing Hungary's support for the plan to block all EU imports of crude and refined fuels from Russia is essential to maintaining the political objective of strong and united European opposition to Putin's actions.
Back to the Group of 7, which also includes Canada, Japan, the United Kingdom and the United States. The Times notes that all seven would “continue to provide billions of dollars in military aid and intelligence to Ukraine, which has helped the country thwart Russian forces.”
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