New York State, Not New York City, to Decide Whether to Toll Streets in Manhattan

While the city determines where to place parking meters and how much to charge, when it comes to charging tolls to drive in Manhattan, the city's elected leaders are excluded from the political process.

January 24, 2018, 1:00 PM PST

By Irvin Dawid

New York City

mandritoiu / Shutterstock

Congestion pricing is very much in the news throughout the New York metropolitan area since the Fix NYC panel released their advisory report on Jan. 19 recommending a toll of $11.52 for passenger vehicles and $25.34 for trucks driving south of 60th Street in Manhattan. Unlike a similar plan proposed by former Mayor Michael Bloomberg, approved by the City Council in March 2008, state legislators from Buffalo and Binghamton, not city council members from the Bronx and Brooklyn, will be among those determining the outcome of the congestion pricing plan [pdf].

Why is plan exempt from home rule?

"The answer lies in Article IX of the New York Constitution, which outlines the state’s responsibilities and powers over its local governments, including their very creation," reports Jesse McKinley for The New York Times on Jan. 19.

Leverage over local affairs was codified in a 1929 case, Adler v. Deegan, which found so long as there was “substantial” state interest, the Legislature could act on matters of “property, affairs or government,” an opinion — written by the jurist Benjamin Cardozo — that has been widely construed [pdf].

And while the issue of home rule — the ability of local governments to manage their own affairs — still generates lawsuits and calls for constitutional reform, the state’s authority has been upheld by the state’s highest court, the Court of Appeals.

It wouldn't be the first time that the state has meddled in local matters. Planetizen reported on state legislation in 2016 to remove density caps on residential buildings in New York City. However, the bills were authored by a Brooklyn legislator, and the reason was simple: "In the city of New York, residential FAR is actually set by the state," wrote Planetizen editor James Brasuell. 

McKinley also cites the example of "the Legislature overruling the city on issues like fees for plastic bags." 

Congestion pricing plan subject to change

The plan [pdf] presented by the Fix NYC advisory panel on Jan. 19 won't be what is ultimately decided by the legislature, assuming it is proposed as legislation. 

"[Gov. Andrew Cuomo (D)] said that he would review the task force’s report and discuss options with state lawmakers over the next several months," reported Winnie Hu and Vivian Wang for The New York Times on Jan. 19. "He can reject any or all of the plan."

Already there are signs that the governor is wavering on the most important part of the plan, charging motorists a toll, of any amount, for driving into the "congestion charge zone" in Manhattan, report Eileen AJ Connelly and Gwynne Hogan for the New York Post on Jan. 20. 

While [Cuomo] endorsed the part of the Fix NYC plan released Friday that would charge for-hire cars to travel through Manhattan south of 60th Street, he slammed the brakes on repeated questions by a reporter about the bigger proposal to charge private cars entering the zone.

“My focus is on for-hire vehicles,” said Cuomo, blaming them most for worsening gridlock.

In his New York Times op-ed on Jan. 7, David Leonhardt called that "a strangely anti-environment compromise, because it encourages people to own their own cars. The New York of the future should have fewer space-clogging cars, not more." He also warned that Cuomo and New York City Mayor Bill de Blasio may "bungle" the opportunity to use congestion pricing to both mitigate congestion and fund public transit.

Friday, January 19, 2018 in The New York Times

Chicago Commute

Planning for Congestion Relief

The third and final installment of Planetizen's examination of the role of the planning profession in both perpetuating and solving traffic congestion.

May 12, 2022 - James Brasuell

Twin Cities

Minneapolis Housing Plan a Success—Not for the Reason You Think

Housing advocates praise the city’s move to eliminate single-family zoning by legalizing triplexes on single-family lots, but that isn’t why housing construction is growing.

May 13, 2022 - Reason

San Francisco Houses

‘Mega-Landlords’ Threaten Housing Stability for Renters

As institutional investors buy up a larger share of single-family homes, the families renting them are increasingly vulnerable to rent increases and eviction.

May 15, 2022 - The Hill

Downtown Dallas

Short-Term Rentals Vex Dallas City Council

Residents complain that vacation rentals exacerbate the city’s housing shortage and bring traffic and noise to residential neighborhoods, calling on the city to impose—and enforce—stricter regulations.

May 17 - The Dallas Morning News

Traffic Safety Advocates

Traffic Fatalities Set Records as Pandemic-Era Road Carnage Shows No Signs of Stopping

An estimated 42,915 people died in automobile crashes in 2021, according to recent federal data. The increasing fatalities continue a trend that began with the outset of the pandemic.

May 17 - National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority

Driver Shortage Undercuts the Potential of L.A.’s Recent Bus System Redesign

The Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority implemented a complete overhaul of its bus system in three waves over the course of 2021. A shortage of drivers for the system has made it impossible to implement that vision.

May 17 - TransitCenter

Urban Design for Planners 1: Software Tools

This six-course series explores essential urban design concepts using open source software and equips planners with the tools they need to participate fully in the urban design process.

Hand Drawing Master Plans

This course aims to provide an introduction into Urban Design Sketching focused on how to hand draw master plans using a mix of colored markers.