The only state where fuel cell electric vehicles can be leased is California where 30 hydrogen refueling stations exist now, with 100 planned to be in operation by 2020. Almost no public refueling stations exist elsewhere, but that's about to change.
"Automakers and environmentalists have long hailed fuel cells as a revolutionary technology that can reduce planet-warming tailpipe emissions, which account for a significant portion of the greenhouse gases released in the United States," writes Neal Boudette, automotive reporter for The New York Times.
|2017 Honda Clarity
|2017 Hyundai Tucson Fuel Cell
|2017 Toyota Mirai
|Credit: U.S. Department of Energy
The Northeast is “the next critical step toward a much wider distribution of fuel-cell vehicles,” said Craig Scott, director of Toyota’s advanced technology group. The densely populated Northeastern states “in some sense could rival California as a market,” he said, adding, “As a region, they have very good sales potential.”
Locations are in New York, New Jersey, Massachusetts, and Connecticut. All have adopted the more rigorous California vehicle emission standards.
Air Liquide, a producer of industrial gases, is working with Toyota to set up a chain of 12 hydrogen fueling stations stretching from New York to Boston; the first is expected to go into operation later this year. Locations will include the Bronx; Brooklyn; Hempstead, N.Y., on Long Island; Lodi, N.J.; Hartford; and Braintree and Mansfield, Mass.
One challenge facing fuel cell electric vehicle manufacturers is having to deal with several states, unlike the Golden State with its Air Resources Board committed to a goal of placing 4 million zero-emission vehicles in California by 2030. Unlike a battery electric vehicle, a fuel cell electric vehicle (FCEV) has a tailpipe, but the only emission is water vapor.
Fuel cells operate by setting off a chemical reaction between hydrogen and oxygen. The two elements bond, creating an electric charge. Stack a few hundred cells together, and they can generate enough electricity to power a car motor.
So far, Toyota is in the lead in sales, having sold about 1,400 Mirais. The company expects sales to exceed 3,000 by year’s end. Honda started selling the Clarity this year and has delivered about 100. Hyundai has also leased a small number of fuel-cell versions of its Tucson S.U.V. in Southern California.
Boudette writes that almost all customers have leased their FCEVs. Expect to see Hyundai Tucson sales figures next year.
According to the California Air Resources Board's "DriveClean" webpage on Fuel Cell Vehicles, "(b)y 2020, automakers expect to place tens of thousands of fuel cell electric vehicles in the hands of California consumers."
For the latest on each auto manufacturer's plan for FCEV development and commercialization, visit the following websites:
Also see Associated Press article on fuel cell electric vehicle sales posted here in April.
Hat tip to E&E News Greenwire.
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