Learn today, plan for tomorrow.
Sign up for news and offers from Planetizen Courses, the online learning platform for planners.
When I initially heard on Thursday afternoon that a truck had caused dozens of deaths at a Bastille Day celebration in Nice, France, and that the truck was laden with weapons and explosives, I thought the media was describing a "truck bomb." As the details of the largest mass murder of people by a single individual were revealed, it was made clear that the main weapon was the truck itself, being driven by someone intent on killing as many innocent civilians as possible.
"Just before the carnage Thursday night, hundreds, if not thousands, had gathered on the promenade to watch a colorful display of fireworks and live music for the national holiday," reports CNN.
"Starting around 10:45 p.m., the attacker mowed down scores of victims in Nice with a rented 19-ton refrigerated truck before engaging in a gunfight with three police officers, who pursued him down a storied seaside promenade before finally killing him," reports The New York Times.
The driver was allegedly Lahouaiej Bouhlel, a 31-year-old French-Tunisian delivery driver "known to the police for assault with a weapon, domestic violence, threats and robbery but had no previous convictions for terrorism," reports The Telegraph.
Motor vehicles intentionally used as deadly weapons
Bouhlel undertook "a tactic authorities have warned about for several years," writes Alex Johnson for NBC News.
As early as December 2010, the U.S. Department of Homeland Security issued an alert to law enforcement warning that "such attacks could be used to target locations where large numbers of people congregate, including sporting events, entertainment venues, or shopping centers."
So-called vehicle ramming is alluring to potential attackers because it offers them an opportunity to conduct strikes without firearms or explosives and with "minimal prior training or experience," DHS said. [Italics added.]
After Bouhlel was shot, police found a handgun and some ammunition in the truck's cab, as well as a replica handgun, two replica assault rifles, a cell phone and various documents, Molins said. In the trailer was the bicycle and some empty pallets.
Bouhlel was known as someone who biked everywhere, even carrying it up the stairs to his apartment. He used that bicycle to ride to the lorry-rental facility.
Back to the DHS warning about such attacks. Johnson of NBC continues:
The [DHS] bulletin advised officers to be especially alert for "commercial motor vehicles or heavy equipment being operated erratically, at unusual times, or in unusual locations, particularly in heavy pedestrian areas."
Johnson goes on to list examples of vehicles used by individuals as weapons of carnage: