Demographic Changes Spell Trouble Ahead for Auto Industry
"Car dealers may be coming off of their biggest sales year ever, but the future for the auto industry looks murkier as the percentage of Americans with a driver’s license continues to fall," writes Beth Braverman, contributing editor for The Fiscal Times.
Just 77 percent of Americans aged 16 to 44 held drivers licenses in 2014, down from 82 percent in 2008 and 92 percent in 1983. The percentage of Americans with driver’s licenses declined across every age group from 2011 to 2014, according to an analysis [PDF] by Michael Sivak and Brandon Schoettle at the University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute (UMTRI).
Braverman offers several reason for the decline among age groups for getting licenses, including:
- a lack of interest among younger consumers in driving or owning a car,
- a general return to cities and close suburbs with reliable public transportation,
- the advent of ride-sharing services like ZipCar and on-demand taxis like Uber.
Autonomous for driverless cars will only hasten the decline according to some industry experts.
The decline in drivers licenses has contributed to the "aggregate number of miles driven plateau(ing) over the past decade, according to research from the Brookings Institute," adds Braverman, although recent trends point to reversing the decline in vehicle miles traveled in 2013 and 2014, even before gas began falling in price in July 2014 which accelerated after an OPEC meeting in November 2014.
What's bad news for the auto news is good news for the majority of adults who drive as it reduces congestion, notes Braverman.
The 2015 Urban Mobility Scorecard from the Texas A&M Transportation Institute found that drivers wasted more than 3 billion gallons of fuel and spent 7 billion extra hours sitting in traffic last year, at a cost of $160 billion, or $960 per commuter. [Note differing viewpoints on the scorecard.]
It may also lead to a reduction in crashes, not only because fewer people are driving, but because "(y)oung, inexperienced drivers, particularly 16- to 17-year-olds, are significantly over represented in fatal crashes," according to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA).
However, there is one major exception to a possible reduction in crashes that can be inferred from the report. "The only age group to show a slight increase (in drivers licenses) since 2008 is the 70-and-older crowd," according to UMTRI.
"Older drivers have higher rates of fatal crashes, based on miles driven, than any other group except young drivers, according to the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS)," notes the Insurance Information Institute in an article that presents more data on licensed drivers age 65 and older.
- United States
- Social / Demographics
- Automobile Industry
- Auto Sales
- Autonomous Vehicles
- Driving Decline
- VMT Decline
- Drivers' License
- Traffic Crashes
- Urban Mobility Scorecard
- Brookings Institution
- Insurance Institute for Highway Safety
- University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute
- Texas A&M Transportation Institute
- Brandon Schoettle
- Michael Sivak