Los Angeles Metrolink to Relieve Caltrain on the Crowded San Francisco Peninsula
"Average weekday Caltrain ridership is at an all-time high at 58,245 passengers, a 71 percent increase since 2010 when it was at 34,120, according to initial findings of an annual ridership count presented to the Board of Directors Thursday," reports The (San Mateo) Daily Journal.
As with most commuter rail lines (by definition), "(m)ost riders continue to travel during peak commute hours, with a 13.1 percent increase or 3,376 from last year to this year," they add. And that has created the "standing room only" condition on many of its express and limited-stop trains during peak hours. Unlike heavy rail (subways), light rail and buses that are designed for standees, many commuter rail passenger cars, including most of Caltrains', lack that feature.
All trains currently consist of five passenger cars pulled or pushed (depending upon which direction the train is going) by a diesel-electric locomotive. Management asserts it is unable to add cars to the train consists due to a shortage of cars and high labor costs.
To add to its capacity, the Caltrain Joint Powers Board (note the 'JPB' in livery above) purchased 16 "very used" (as CBS SF makes clear) Bombardier bi-level coach cars from the Southern Califonia Metrolink commuter rail system last fall for $5.6 million. That's the good news.
The bad news is "(i)t will take an additional $9 million to rehabilitate the cars and perform work at some platforms along the corridor to accommodate the planned longer trains," according to Caltrain Connection [PDF]. Rehabilitation of some cars could take as long as a year, they note.
The Metrolink cars are compatible with Caltrains' newest cars, the so-called 'baby bullet' Bombardier train sets [also see in 'related' below]. Most of the rolling stock are Nippon Sharyo gallery cars [see YouTube] that appear very similar to Chicago Metra cars.
Fortunately for Caltrain commuters, four of the refurbished cars go into service on Monday (May 11), added to existing five-car baby bullet trains.
"The sixth car will provide an additional 150 seats and increase standing room during the peak-hour commute, according to Caltrain," writes the Daily Journal. The sixth car will be added to the indicated train numbers.
According to Streetsblog's Andrew Boone, the refurbished Bombardier cars may also accommodate bicycles:
While crowding has created unpleasant traveling conditions, it has also added greatly to farebox revenue, which is paying for the Metrolink car acquisition through "a 2015 farebox revenue bond issuance," according to Caltrain Connection.
[For more on Caltrain revenue, see Green Caltrain: "Caltrain balances 2016 budget with rider revenues"].
Due to its high ridership and short route, only 77 miles serving San Francisco, San Mateo and Santa Clara counties, the train line has the third highest "ridership per mile" [average daily ridership divided by route miles] among commuter rail lines according to Wikipedia, behind only LIRR and Metro-North.
The addition of the Metrolink cars are a stopgap measure to reduce crowding while Caltrain is working on its $1.7 billion modernization program to electrify the line between San Jose and San Francisco and implement a Positive Train Control safety system. "The Project is scheduled to be complete in 2020," according to Caltrain.