What Will the Future of Homeownership Look Like?
Homeownership rates declined precipitously in the United States up until 2016. While that trend has reversed in more recent years, it's still hard to tell what the future of homeownership will be.
Jonathan Spader shares insight into his recent working paper that that describes "three potential scenarios for growth in the number of homeowner and renter households from 2018-2038."
Here's how Spader sets the context for this examination:
The dramatic decline in the homeownership rate—from a high of 69 percent in 2004 to a low of 63 percent in 2016—has generated substantial discussion about the future of homeownership in the United States. While the recent uptick in the homeownership rate—to above 64 percent in 2018—ended the rate’s decline, there continues to be considerable uncertainty about its future trajectory. For example, if the macroeconomy continues to support full employment and wages continue to grow, then it is likely the homeownership rate will continue to rise. Conversely, if the economy weakens or enters a recession, then the homeownership rate might well again start to fall.
As for the projections, three scenarios (i.e., high, low, and base) all share one common trait: most of the growth between 2018 and 2038 will go to homeownership households, but under the base scenario, those new homeowners households would be offset by "changes in the demographic composition of U.S. households by age, race/ethnicity, and family type," according to Spader.
To describe the factors that could sway the future outcomes of the housing market, Spader concludes with this:
In the near term, the homeownership rate’s actual trajectory will likely depend on the occurrence and timing of broader changes in the macroeconomy. Over the longer-term, the trajectory of the homeownership rate will be influenced by a larger set of factors related to households’ demand for housing as a place to live, their demand for the investment attributes of homeownership, any constraints on their ability to access mortgage credit, and the number of homes that are for sale.