Should Planners Run for Public Office?
After California's controversial Senate Bill 827 died last April, another bill that dealt with the preemption of local land use authority received more attention, particularly from the East Bay cities where it would apply.
The ink of Gov. Jerry Brown's signature on Assembly Bill 2923: San Francisco Bay Area Rapid Transit District: transit-oriented development had barely dried before Bay Area leaders expressed concerns about giving zoning authority to the BART board, even if only applied to its own parking lots.
One of the more interesting opinions was from BART Board of Directors member Debora Allen, whose district covers stations in the Contra Costa County cities of Concord, Lafayette, Pleasant Hill, and Walnut Creek.
The "legislation giving BART directors zoning authority on the vacant land and parking lots surrounding suburban stations represents a public policy setback for California," writes Allen on Oct. 10 for the East Bay Times. "Cities no longer have authority over things like building height, density, parking replacement and low-income housing ratios."
Readers may find it surprising that the bill, authored by Assemblymembers David Chiu (D-San Francisco) and Timothy S. Grayson (D-Concord) to address the region's housing shortage, was not sponsored by the nine-member elected BART Board of Directors.
BART's aim is to partner with the community to build 20,000 new housing units at its stations by the year 2040, and to ensure that at least 35% are affordable.
In her column, Allen singles out professionals in land use planning and related fields, casting a rather wide net, that BART directors need be wary of.
BART directors now and in the future must be capable of making decisions that consider the specific economic needs of each community, without the undue influence of urban planners, land-use consultants, developers, builders, architects, engineers and unions.
It's not just BART directors, though, that should be concerned about the influence of professionals with land use planning expertise, adds Allen. Voters should be as well.
Given the new control handed the regionally elected nine-member BART board, it is more important than ever that we elect directors who can demonstrate their independence from special interests.
Those who already feared the flow of special interest money into BART elections now have cause for greater concern as outside interests try to influence directors suddenly given new power. This November, there are four career urban planners or land-use consultants running for BART director, one in each of the four districts on the ballot.
There is some irony to Allen's singling out of planners when the profession, as represented by the California Chapter of the American Planning Association, actually opposed the bill.
Much like Sen. Scott Wiener's SB 827 (which apparently will be reintroduced next year), AB 2923 has elicited strong reactions from policymakers and others concerned about urban issues. On the opposite side of the spectrum, Steven Falk, city manager of Lafayette for the last 22 years, cited the city council's opposition to the bill as having factored into his retirement announced last month.