Transit activists celebrated the good news that residents will finally be given the opportunity to join the Metropolitan Atlanta Rapid Transit Authority but bemoaned that they would have to wait till March 2020 to vote on the one percent sales tax.
"Gwinnett took a once unimaginable step Tuesday when its commission voted to formally adopt a new transit development plan, one that opens up the possibility of extending heavy rail several miles into the county," reported Tyler Estep for The Atlanta Journal-Constitution on July 17.
Now officials have to make another potentially momentous decision, and quick: Will they give voters the chance to weigh in on transit expansion this November? Or wait until next year?
The answer came Wednesday morning, reports Tony Thomas for WSB-TV Channel 2. The commission approved the contract [pdf] on a 4-1 vote.
The vote was decades in the making. Commissioners approved hiring MARTA to run the buses and, potentially, run future train service into the county.
The leaders also agreed to let voters have the final say in a referendum on March 19, an about-face from the previously announced November ballot.
Gwinnett County Chair Charlotte Nash expressed disappointment with the change of date. Her colleague, Lynette Howard, told Thomas on July 18. "I support having a referendum in November to allow Gwinnett residents to have a voice in the transit decision..." However, Estep and David Wickert of The Atlanta Journal-Constitution report that the date for the referendum vote was recorded in a second, unanimous vote.
"Democrats and others charged the commission of pushing back the transit referendum — the approval of which would enact a new one-cent transit-funding sales tax and help pave the way for heavy rail in Gwinnett — so it would not drive Democratic turnout during the Nov. 6 general election," reports Estep after the vote. In addition, Gabe Okoye, the chairman of Gwinnett’s Democratic Party, suggested that the off-cycle election would attract more opponents of the tax measure.
A spring referendum would likely result in a smaller turnout. Older voters would be the ones most likely to show up. Fewer voters can put more control in the hands of those pushing for approval -- it’s the same strategy that local governments apply to SPLOST [special purpose local option sales and use tax] votes. But older voters are also more resistant to change, and are less likely to be daily commuters. Turnout is likely to be more Republican.
In a post-mortem on the defeat of Nashville Transit referendum on May 1, there was no mention of attributing the rejection to a special rather than general election date. It does mention the failure of the first Kansas City streetcar referendum on August 2, 2014. In the Seattle area, King County rejected a bus transit measure on April 22, 2014. And much closer to home, metro Atlanta rejected a transportation sales tax measure on July 31, 2012.
"Voters in suburban Gwinnett County rejected MARTA three separate times 'under a cloud of racialized rhetoric,'" wrote Jason Henderson, a geography professor at San Francisco State University, in a 2006 paper on transit in the Atlanta metropolitan area.
One additional challenge to consider, adds WSB-TV's Thomas, is " a new state law requires that, if the contract between MARTA and Gwinnett County isn’t signed before the first of the year, the new regional authority called The ATL, or The Atlanta-region Transit Link Authority, would need to have a say, too." [See late-breaking update below].
According to the Atlanta Regional Commission, ATL is charged with "[d]eveloping a regional transit plan for a 13-county area -- Cherokee, Clayton, Coweta, Cobb, DeKalb, Douglas, Fayette, Forsyth, Fulton, Gwinnett, Henry, Paulding, and Rockdale counties."
Related in Planetizen:
"Gwinnett [County] today is paying the price for not approving MARTA decades ago," according to an op-ed posted in September 2016, "A Message to Suburban Counties: Invest in Transit or Get Left Behind." The article focuses on economic development in the Atlanta metro area.
Hat tip to Art Sheldon.
Update: "The MARTA Board of Directors on Thursday postponed action on a deal that could allow the agency to expand into Gwinnett County, for decades a hotbed of resistance to transit," report Estep and Wickert on Thursday.
MARTA Board members praised the deal but wanted more time to review it. Nonetheless, Chairman Robbie Ashe hailed the measure as an historic achievement that could benefit all of metro Atlanta.
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