Will California's Road Charge Fix California's Transportation Funding Shortfall?
California faces a transportation funding shortfall. Gas taxes were reduced by 2.2 cents per gallon last month. In 2014, a new method of charging drivers for infrastructure was approved in the form of a pilot program.
Depending on the method chosen, enrollees may receive a "monthly statement road charge" showing a "simulated payment" as no actual payments are exchanged. McCarty explains the process in a one-minute audio tape.
For starters, the state has to figure out how much I'm driving. The program offers six different ways to track the distance I drive, from simply recording odometer readings to high-tech devices that monitor a vehicle's mileage and location.
The pilot program's homepage lists four methods (shown with images at base of post):
- TIME PERMIT: A permit that allows unlimited road use in California for a specific period of time, such as a year, month or week.
- MILEAGE PERMIT: A block of miles based on your expected use of California’s roads.
- ODOMETER CHARGE: An option where payment is remitted after periodic manual odometer readings.
- AUTOMATED MILEAGE REPORTING: Choice of in-vehicle technology, with or without general location data, that reports mileage traveled to a third party account manager which invoices the participant.
The charge is 1.8 cents-per mile, though, as indicated above, it's a 'mock' fee as no payments are made.
To see what mock road charges I’d racked up, I opened a smartphone app that connects to the device. It tells me I’ve driven 463 miles in the past month. So I would have been charged $1.46 under the road charge system. That's about 38 cents more than I probably paid in gas taxes over the same period.
Actually, as reader Troubadork commented on August 5:
[Y]ou were actually being charged $1.46 for the 81.2 miles that were driven in August (81.2 miles x 1.8 cents/mile = $1.46).
Bills can difficult to interpret, but the simulated invoice that appears in the article is thorough, indicating fuel usage, fuel tax credit, resulting in a net charge of $.38.
Rewards fuel inefficiency
As I suspected, the program is run just like OReGO, which, like the California pilot, has a set mileage charge (1.5-cents per mile) that credits motorists for their fuel taxes paid. Gas guzzlers receive lower invoices or even rebates [see: April 29, 2015: A Serious Shortcoming in Oregon's Road Usage Charge].
The results aren't unexpected -- I've got a fairly new car with good gas mileage, so it makes sense that the road charge would be more. The opposite might be true for older cars that are less fuel efficient.
California and Oregon are the only states operating actual vehicle miles traveled fee (VMT fee) programs. The major difference between the programs is that California's is a pilot while Oregon's is the real thing; no mock payments.
Bottom line for California program:
Once the state collects information from the nine-month pilot, officials will assess whether the method provides a more stable revenue stream to fund road repairs. The state legislature would then have to vote to institute the program on a permanent basis.
- TIME PERMIT
A permit that allows unlimited road use in California for a specific period of time, such as a year, month or week.
- MILEAGE PERMIT
A block of miles based on your expected use of California’s roads.
- ODOMETER CHARGE
An option where payment is remitted after periodic manual odometer readings.
- AUTOMATED MILEAGE REPORTING
Choice of in-vehicle technology, with or without general location data, that reports mileage traveled to a third party account manager which invoices the participant.
Related on Planetizen:
- June 24, 2016: California Road Charge Pilot Launches July 1; Gas Tax Increase Still Needed
- March 20, 2016: Technology Companies Selected for California Road Charge Pilot
- January 30, 2016: California's Road Usage Charge Pilot Program to Begin on July 1
- April 29, 2015: A Serious Shortcoming in Oregon's Road Usage Charge