California Initiative to Limit the Size of Revenue Bonds Qualifies for Ballot

A California initiative has been likened to the landmark Proposition 13 for how it would affect the budget and major projects proposed in California, including the $64 billion high-speed rail project and $17 billion Delta water tunnels.

4 minute read

July 6, 2016, 1:00 PM PDT

By Irvin Dawid

A wealthy Stockton farmer, Dean Cortopassi, concerned about escalating state debt has underwritten what has been dubbed the 'No Blank Checks Initiative' (Proposition 53: Revenue Bonds) which would require all large capital projects financed with revenue bonds over $2 billion to receive voter approval. General obligation bonds are already placed on the ballot.

While Cortopassi's focus is state debt, which by any account is considerable, it's not clear that revenue bonds add to state debt. 

"Unlike general obligation bonds, revenue bonds are not guaranteed directly by state or local government taxing powers," according to the state Legislative Analyst's Office write-up in August 2014 on the initiative. "Instead, revenue bonds are repaid using designated funding streams generally associated with the projects they finance."

"Although it has received less attention than many of the others, Cortopassi's measure could be the most significant in the long term and have a huge impact on the governor's legacy," reports Paul Rogers, environment and science journalist for The Mercury News

High-Speed Rail

While a $9.5 billion bond measure authorizing the high-speed rail project received voter approval in 2008, costs have risen. "Originally pegged at about $36 billion," it's now $64 billion, and completion time estimates have been extended as the project has faced numerous lawsuits. Congress is opposed to providing any additional funding, and the private sector has yet to invest in the line as it has in the Dallas to Houston line or Miami to Orlando line.

One option to fund the rest would be for the state to sell revenue bonds paid back with fares from riders.

Delta Water Tunnels

The other project Rogers points to is "a $17 billion plan to build two massive tunnels, each 40 feet high and 35 miles long, under the Sacramento-San Joaquin River Delta to make it easier to move water south to farms and cities. That would be paid for largely with revenue bonds, funded mostly by rate hikes and property tax increases on water customers." 

Roger's paper, The Mercury News, editorialized last November that Cortopassi "is right that California voters should be able to vote on Gov. Jerry Brown's misguided, $17 billion twin-tunnel plan for the Sacramento-San Joaquin River Delta."

But instead of a straightforward ballot measure, he has concocted a nightmare of a law that appears to require statewide voter approval of all state revenue bond projects costing more than $2 billion. It's a classic badly drafted proposition with the potential for massive unintended consequences, none of them good.

A bill that would require a vote on the controversial tunnels in 2018, AB 1713, received committee approval in April, but has since stalled. Looking at the reasons for opposition to the bill gives fodder to Proposition 53 proponents.

"The specter of future votes on other big proposals loomed large in their arguments against AB 1713," wrote John Myers for the Los Angeles Times in April.

"This could be a bad precedent for a lot of other infrastructure projects that are out there," said Cesar Diaz, legislative director of the State Building and Construction Trades Council.

Resemblance to Proposition 13 (1978)

Proposition 53's restrictions on raising funds by selling revenue bonds have been likened to the changes rendered by Proposition 13.

While associated mainly with property tax reform, the landmark proposition also changed the threshold for passing tax increases by state and local governments, according to a California Tax Data factsheet [PDF]:

  • Vote Requirement for State Taxes: Proposition 13 requires any measure enacted for the purpose of increasing state revenues to be approved by a two-thirds vote of each house of the legislature. 
  • Voter Approval for Local “Special” Taxes: Proposition 13 requires taxes raised by local governments for a designated or special purpose to be approved by two-thirds of the vote.

Proposition 53 is "setting up a major battle involving taxpayer groups on one side and labor unions and business organizations on the other -- the same interest groups that lined up against each other 38 years ago when Californians passed Proposition 13," writes Rogers.

It's like Proposition 13," said Jon Coupal, the [Howard Jarvis Taxpayers Association's] president. "If you are committing the financial resources of future generations, it should be put to a vote of the people."

As for the mounting state debt, the motivation for Cortopassi to spend $4.5 million to qualify the initiative, it is indeed considerable. Gov. Jerry Brown's administration estimates it "at $318 billion in health care, pension liabilities, bond debt and other obligations," writes Rogers.

Correspondent's note: Seventeen measures, numbered as propositions 51 to 67, have been qualified by Alex Padilla, the California Secretary of State, for the November ballot.

Thursday, June 30, 2016 in San Jose Mercury News

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