How Highway Removal Can Benefit Cities

Cities across the country are reevaluating the impacts of major highway on neighborhoods and looking for ways to revitalize and reconnect communities.

June 1, 2021, 7:00 AM PDT

By Diana Ionescu @aworkoffiction

Bonaventure Expressway

FOTOimage Montreal / Shutterstock

In a piece rich with visual aids and aerial photos that illustrate how cities looked before highways, New York Times writers Nadja Popovich, Josh Williams and Denise Lu ask "can removing highways fix American cities?"

Until recently, "[f]ederal and state funds have historically gone to building highways, not removing them." Transportation Secretary Pete Buttigieg has acknowledged the unequal legacy of highway projects, saying that "there is racism physically built into some of our highways." To address this, President Biden's infrastructure plan proposes "$20 billion to help reconnect neighborhoods divided by highways." 

San Francisco's Embarcadero Freeway provides one of the country's oldest examples of successful highway removal. When the freeway was "irreparably damaged" by the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake, the area was redeveloped into what is now a bustling pedestrian-friendly waterfront. "[I]n 2013, the city of Rochester, in upstate New York, won a nearly $18 million grant from the Obama administration that allowed it to take out an eastern segment of its sunken Inner Loop freeway, known locally as 'the moat.'" Since then, the area has experienced a transformation that includes new housing, bike lanes, and roads that connect more of the neighborhood to make walking more convenient. 

"In recent years, more cities have started to seriously rethink some of their highways. The Congress for New Urbanism, a group that tracks highway removals, counted 33 proposed projects in 28 American cities." While plans for highway removal "could make life better for local residents as well as the planet," the proposals could also lead to displacement of vulnerable communities. "We need to figure out how to change without displacing people," says Dr. Garrick of the University of Connecticut. "The proposed Democratic legislation hopes to avoid that paradox. The bill would fund community outreach and engagement by local groups. And it prioritizes capital construction grants for projects that include measures like land trusts that would ensure the availability of affordable housing for local residents. "

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