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The COVID-19 pandemic has had a disproportionate effect on the health and housing security of Black Americans, according to a survey conducted from July to August 2020 by National Public Radio, the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, and the Harvard University T.H. Chan School of Public Health.
An article by Elliott Jones, an organizer and founder of Ensure Progress, examines the possibility that the economic effects of the pandemic might exacerbate the ongoing exodus of Black people from central Bay Area cities of Oakland and San Francisco.
According to Jones, "the startling increase in the cost of housing in San Francisco and Oakland has made displacement and gentrification all but inevitable." Moreover, "Over the past four decades, Black residents have been increasingly priced out of the home and rental markets in these two cities, with small bungalows that used to provide middle-class housing now regularly selling for over $1 million."
So Black people have for years already been moving to farther flung suburbs in the Bay Area, like Pittsburg, Antioch, and Concord; to exurbs like Stockton and Fairfield; and beyond, to other parts of the state and country.
"As a result of this movement, these communities have experienced a significant shift in their demographics. Fairfield now has a Black population of 16 percent. Stockton has a rising Black population of 14 percent, and 18 percent of Pittsburg’s population is Black," according to Jones.
Add to those trends the uncertainty and financial pressure of the pandemic, and the risk of even more displacement, and the trauma of dislocation that comes with it, is looming over the Bay Area.
It's a point that bears repeating as much as possible: While much of the conversation about the effects of the pandemic on the housing market have focused on the housing and lifestyle preferences of the wealthy and middle class property owners, much of the effect of the current economic disruption is likely to be created by more marginalized communities, who are moving by necessity rather than choice.