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"Black, indigenous and other people of color are fighting back against generations of structural violence waged against them based on race," writes Oscar Perry Abello.
The racial equity conversation in recent weeks has turned to matters of land use, as the discriminatory history of exclusionary zoning and car-centric planning has faced another round of criticism as tools of systemic racism. Abello reports on the ongoing legal controversy over the Inwood NYC Action Plan, approved in 2018, which serves as a reminder that ostensibly progressive zoning reform isn't necessarily a victory for racial and social justice:
They’re also fighting back in the New York State Appellate Division court, which last week heard oral arguments in a case where residents of the heavily Dominican immigrant Inwood neighborhood filed a lawsuit charging that the city should have followed their demand for a racial impact analysis before rezoning 240 acres of the neighborhood. The rezoning would allow developers to demolish existing residential, commercial and mixed-use buildings and replace them with even larger buildings, containing 4,348 additional housing units, about a third of which would be income-restricted, as well as adding 1.1 million square feet of commercial space to the neighborhood.
The city is appealing a previous court decision that overthrew the plan, which Crain's New York Business covered without mentioning the demand for a racial impact analysis. An article published by City Limits, however, noted the lack of demographic considerations undertaken by the environmental review for the plan.
Cheryl Pahaham—a longtime Inwood resident, a member of Northern Manhattan is Not for Sale, and co-defendant in the lawsuit seeking to overturn the plan—is quoted in the article saying that the complaints about the Inwood NYC Action Plan focus on process. If that's the case, the city has a long way to go, and not just in Inwood, to make amends. Abello cites a study by Elena Conte, deputy director of the Pratt Center for Community Development, that examined 14 different neighborhood-level rezonings approved in New York City from 2004 to 2019. "Conte found there was not a single instance where the city determined there would be any significant 'adverse environmental impact' from commercial displacement," according to Abello.