Op-Ed Exposes The Land Use Connections to Congestion in North Texas
Connor Harris, policy analyst at the Manhattan Institute and author of the recent report "Lone Star Slowdown? How Land-Use Regulation Threatens the Future of Texas," contributes a column on the subject of congestion in North Texas for the Dallas Morning News.
As noted by Harris, North Texas is quickly adding, over 100,000 new jobs between February 2018 and February 2019, and unemployment is below the national average. But with that growth comes challenges.
Land-use regulations in some established cities have pushed most of this growth out to the fringes of North Texas, in places like central and northern Collin and Denton counties, creating a serious transportation challenge. According to the consultancy INRIX, the average Dallas driver lost 76 hours every year to traffic congestion in 2018. And suburbs are developing in a way that leaves most people no choice but to drive everywhere — largely the result of regulations that require massive parking lots in every new development, making driving artificially cheap and walking unpleasant.
So travel times are increasing on average, even while travel distances are decreasing on average, and Harris sees reasons that congestion could slow economic mobility for the growing population. Harris's proposed solution: more zoning that allows for apartments in the region's suburbs, especially around DART stations. Still, according to Harris, all suburbs must have a role to overcome the challenges presented by its history of lad use regulations that only allow sprawling, single-family neighborhoods.
Housing prices will never moderate, though, unless suburban municipalities take a fresh look at their public policies. Zoning codes typically prohibit residential development in industrial and commercial zones, for example. Parking minimums, furthermore, require businesses to provide parking lots that can be several times larger than the stores they serve, as well as large amounts of parking — often two spaces per dwelling unit — in residential zones. The amount of land on which any residential development denser than single-family is prohibited, moreover, is almost certainly excessive.