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Legislation Introduced to Enable the Bay Area to Tackle Housing Crisis as a Region
A regional attempt to address the housing crisis in the San Francisco Bay Area by the Committee to House the Bay Area, called CASA (Spanish for "house"), cleared three formidable hurdles in December and January. The committee has since taken their ambitious, multi-pronged housing agenda to the state capitol to tackle their next challenge: state legislation.
"I think we need to have a regional approach," Assemblyman David Chiu, D-San Francisco, the chair of the Assembly Committee on Housing and Community Development, told KQED News reporter Guy Marzorati on Jan. 23.
To raise money for the proposals, the CASA Compact [pdf] suggests the creation of a new Bay Area housing agency, led by elected officials but also including developers and tenant activists, which would levy regional taxes and distribute funds.
A month later, Chiu introduced Assembly Bill 1487, titled "Land use: housing element" on March 10, that appears to be a placeholder for the creation of a regional housing agency to be called the Housing Alliance for the Bay Area (HABA), "with the ability to impose regional taxes to fund development, local planning and tenant assistance," reports Marzorati on March 7 (source article).
AB 1487 would give state authority to HABA to raise up to $1.5 billion through ballot measures voted on in all nine counties.
"[It] would allow for funding to be raised regionally and spent regionally," Chiu said. "It would allow tenants from across the region to access services, even if their city doesn't have tenant services available..."
The entity would not have any land use authority, and while it could purchase land for affordable housing, it would not be able to take property through eminent domain.
Individual cities and counties have been addressing the housing crisis individually by going to their voters. However, the two-thirds requirement by Propositions 13 and 218 is a high hurdle to achieve for most tax and fee measures. Fortunately for CASA, "[a] separate bill in the state Legislature could make it easier to pass a regional housing tax," adds Marzorati.
Assembly Constitutional Amendment 1 would lower the threshold needed to pass a sales tax or parcel tax from two-thirds to 55 percent, if the funds are used for infrastructure or affordable housing. [ACA 1 would also need to be approved by a majority of statewide voters.]
"Since the recession ended in 2009, the Bay Area has added 722,000 jobs but built only 106,000 homes, an imbalance that’s had severe consequences," writes Rachel Swan for the San Francisco Chronicle. The CASA Compact "calls for production of 35,000 homes a year, including 14,000 that are affordable to low-income families, and 7,000 that are affordable to moderate-income families."
The [CASA] panel also called for preservation of 30,000 units of existing affordable housing, and protections for 300,000 households that are on the verge of getting displaced.
CASA estimates that the Bay Area needs to fill a $2.5 billion funding gap to meet its affordable housing goals. If it passes, AB1487 would provide more than half that money, and Chiu hopes that other state and local measures would provide the rest.
If AB 1487 should pass, and presumably be signed by Gov. Newsom who has called for developing 3.5 million new housing units by 2025, local cities could still balk at meeting the regional housing goal.
"Right now there is no real mechanism for the state to override local land-use authority," adds Swan. "When Newsom proposed withholding transportation dollars from cities that don’t meet their housing targets, he ignited a political flame war."
"A survey released last week found the median rent for a one bedroom apartment in San Francisco had risen to $3,690 a month, a figure about 30 percent higher than in New York," reports Tim Fang for CBS San Francisco on March 7.
Hat tip to Streetsblog California.