Anticipation, Costs Rise as Details of Biden's Infrastructure Plan Emerge

The Biden administration's highly anticipated infrastructure spending plan is expected to go public this week. After weeks of speculation about the size and focus of the plan, recent reports reveal a growing package and new revenue streams.

March 30, 2021, 5:00 AM PDT

By James Brasuell @CasualBrasuell


Washington, D.C.

AlexiRosenfeld / Shutterstock

An article by Jim Tankersley in The New York Times last week reported that the Biden administration was in the process of crafting a $3 trillion spending package. Fast forward a week and Jeff Stein is reporting for The Washington Post that the expected price tag for the Biden infrastructure plan could reach as high as $4 trillion.

Stein's update of the unfolding story includes some background on the economic concerns driving the back and forth of the internal debate in the Biden administration about how to create the revenue to support the massive spending plan.

"The choice to limit the impact on the federal deficit may help the White House counter critics who say that the nation’s spending imbalance is out of control. But it also sets up the administration for an enormous political challenge in convincing Congress to pass a package of tax increases on wealthy Americans and companies that together would represent the largest tax hike in generations," writes Stein.

Another article, written by Ella Nielsen, takes the Vox "explainer" post approach, focusing on Biden's "Build Back Better" campaign message and the climate change investments included in the expected infrastructure spending plan.

Nielsen writes:

Those close to the Biden White House underscore this is a key part of the president’s agenda, and his goal of steering America’s economy toward clean energy and manufacturing. Biden and Democrats see an infrastructure package as the best way to tackle climate change and get the country to net-zero electricity emissions by 2035, by installing more electric vehicle charging stations on the nation’s roads, modernizing the electrical grid, and incentivizing more wind and solar projects. It could be financed at least in part with higher taxes on corporations and the wealthiest Americans.

Nielsen also shares a useful rundown of the other infrastructure bills already proposed in Congress—some of which could be incorporated into the Biden administration package.

Advocates are also gearing up for messaging and lobbying efforts in anticipation of the bill. Transportation for America, for example, published an article by Beth Osborne detailing how the Biden administration must break with the status quo of infrastructure spending if this effort is to reverse some of the damage of planning history, and anticipate and prevent the consequences of continued neglect of issues like climate change, air pollution, congestion, and systemic inequality.

There are lessons to be learned from the relatively recent past, writes Osborne:

We’ve been here before: the 2009 Recovery Act put a lot of money into existing federal transportation programs—rather than targeting the funding for a specific purpose —in order to move money quickly. But these programs weren’t designed to solve the issue at hand: short-term job creation. So they failed to create the most new jobs as they could have. 

Dion Rabouin, in an article for Axios, shares that economists are "bullish" about earlier reports of the Biden infrastructure package: "Economists are becoming positively giddy about the potential for economic growth this year as President Biden and Congressional Democrats look set to push forward a $3 trillion infrastructure bill." Experts from S&P Global, Goldman Sachs, and Duke University are cited as evidence of the positive response from this sector.

Meanwhile, the Congressional Progressive Caucus is continuing to push for an even large package called the THRIVE Act, which would spend $10 trillion over the next decade, "including massive investments in renewable energy, zero-emissions buildings and economic development in some of the worst-polluted parts of the country," according to an article by Alexander C. Kaufman for the Huffington Post.

Despite this support from advocates and the traditional perception of infrastructure as a relatively bipartisan issue, whatever package emerges this week will face heated debate about deficit spending and the federal government's role in fighting climate change. According to the article by Ella Nielsen cited above, the Biden infrastructure plan could take all year to pass, if it passes at all.


James Brasuell

James Brasuell is a writer and editor, producing web, print, and video content on the subjects of planning, urbanism, and mobility. James has managed all editorial content and direction for Planetizen since 2014 and was promoted to editorial director in 2021.

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