The Recent Decline of New Jersey Transit's Commuter Rail Operations
Its aging tracks and trains need billions of dollars in improvements. Delays and fares are rising along with ridership, with passenger cars packed to the breaking point. The century-old tunnel that carries its trains to New York is crumbling. And the agency has gone nearly a year without a permanent leader.
The reporters begin their narrative in the 1990s when NJ Transit "won a coveted award for outstanding public transportation three times."
In the years ahead, faster routes to Manhattan and double-decker trains would put it at the forefront of the nation’s commuter railroads. Even as recently as 2007, it won a leadership award from New York University.
Gov. Chris Christie (R) took office in January 2010. In October of that year, he scrapped the "largest public works project in America," the replacement of the century-old tunnels under the Hudson River, know as Access to the Region's Core, or ARC. But the neglect transcended the tunnel project.
Under his administration, "the state subsidy for the agency has plunged by more than 90 percent," report Fitzsimmons and McGeehan. "Gaping holes in the agency’s past two budgets were filled by fare increases and service reductions or other cuts."
On Sept. 29, a New Jersey Transit train unexplainably accelerated as it entered into the Hoboken Terminal, crashing into the wall and ceiling, and killing a woman waiting on the platform and injuring 108 passengers and staff. Complicating the investigation of the National Transportation Safety Board, one of the train's two black boxes wasn't functioning, an example of the transit system's failure to maintain its equipment.
Even before the crash, "the Federal Railroad Administration began investigating safety problems" of the troubled rail agency, reported Fitzsimmons on Oct. 1.
NJ Transit is certainly not the only neglected rail system in America. D.C. Metro's plight has been detailed extensively in Planetizen. And closer to New Jersey, the New York Metropolitan Transportation Authority's Metro-North Railroad has suffered two of its worst crashes recently: six fatalities in Valhalla, N.Y. in February 2015 and four deaths in the Bronx in December 2013.
Fortunately, Fitzsimmons and McGeehan compare NJ Transit to the two other railroads serving Manhattan.
Today, its trains break down about every 85,000 miles, a sharp decline from 120,000 miles between breakdowns four years ago. The region’s two other large commuter rail systems, the Long Island Rail Road and the Metro-North Railroad, are twice as reliable: Their trains travel more than 200,000 miles between breakdowns. New Jersey Transit also reported more major mechanical failures: 213 in 2014, compared with 89 for the Long Island Rail Road and 169 for Metro-North.
Another stark comparison between the NJ Transit and the MTA railroads is shown by how they prepared for the 2012 Hurricane Sandy and climate change in a report by Andrea Bernstein and Kate Hinds, transit reporters for WNYC. "A third of the [NJ Transit] fleet – 70 locomotives and 273 rail cars – were damaged by flooding from the storm," according to the New York Post.
Recent steep budget-cutting no doubt has contributed to the railroad's woes.
Under the Christie administration, the agency’s finances have been dealt a blow. The direct state subsidy to its operating budget plummeted to $33 million last year from $348 million in 2009, according to the agency’s financial reports.
With the legislature's passage of the first gas tax increase since 1988, transit should receive an influx of funding for capital projects. Gov. Christie signed the 23-cent gas tax increase on Friday. It takes effect on Nov. 1.
A summary of The New York Times article also appears on the October 14, 2016 NARP 'Hotline', third article down.
Hat tip to Kenyon Karl.