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Does Ride-Hailing Complement Public Transit—Or Vice Versa?
"At a press conference announcing a new study about mobility in American cities on March 15, Lyft’s director of transportation described her company and competitor Uber as 'allies'," writes Katy Steinmetz, chief of Time Magazine's San Francisco Bureau. What was more remarkable that the two competitors calling themselves allies, though, was that 39-page study [PDF] was prepared not for the ride-hailing industry but for the American Public Transit Association (APTA).
"Using Uber and Lyft is a gateway to a car-lite lifestyle, with users owning fewer cars in a household, according to the study," according to APTA's press release.
Now, I was unaware that "car-lite" (not "car-light") is a well-established term in transportation terminology. "We can make better cities by increasing the size and number of neighborhoods in which it's possible for the average person to live partially—not completely—car free," writes Daniel Herriges of Strong Towns. "There's a lot of value in living a car-lite lifestyle, and that's something available right now to many times more Americans than can currently, realistically, go car-free."
APTA "analyzed the usage of personal cars, public transit and other 'shared modes'—such as bikesharing, carsharing and the use of ride apps such as Uber and Lyft—in seven major cities: Austin, Boston, Chicago, Los Angeles, San Francisco, Seattle and Washington, D.C., " writes Steinmetz.
"This study was conducted by the Shared-Use Mobility Center (SUMC), with funding provided through the Transit Cooperative Research Program (TCRP). The study "suggests public transit and ridesourcing services such as Uber and Lyft are largely complementary, with each serving different trip types but working together to enhance urban mobility and decrease reliance on private autos," notes SUMC's press release
About SUMC: "The Shared-Use Mobility Center (SUMC) is a public-interest organization working to foster collaboration in shared mobility (including bikesharing, carsharing, ridesharing and more) and help connect the growing industry with transit agencies, cities and communities across the nation...."