China to Start Cap-and-Trade to Limit Greenhouse Gas Emissions in 2017
"The announcement, to come during a White House summit meeting with President Obama, is part of an ambitious effort by China and the United States to use their leverage internationally to tackle climate change and to pressure other nations to do the same," write Julie Hirschfeld Davis and Coral Davenport for The New York Times.
Republican opponents of President Barack Obama's climate change initiatives have cited China's inaction on global warming, particularly since China is now the world leader in total carbon emissions, though the United States is larger in per capita emissions as the Union of Concerned Scientists chart shows.
Sen. Mitch McConnell (R-Ky.), majority leader of the Senate, had been quick to condemn President Obama's November climate agreement with President Xi Jinping: "...as I read the agreement (it) requires the Chinese to do nothing at all for 16 years, while these carbon emissions regulations are creating havoc in my state and other states around the country," he said.
President Xi Jinping's landmark announcement builds on that historic agreement.
While the cap-and-trade program may start in two years, "it is not clear whether China will be able to enact and enforce a program that substantially limits emissions," note Davis and Davenport. "But the agreement, which American officials said had been in the works since April, is China’s first commitment to a specific plan to carry out what have so far been general ambitions."
Under a cap-and-trade system, a concept created by American economists, governments place a cap on the amount of carbon pollution that may be emitted annually. Companies can then buy and sell permits to pollute. Western economists have long backed the idea as a market-driven way to push industry to cleaner forms of energy, by making polluting energy more expensive.
The United States came close to adopting such a system when the House passed the American Clean Energy and Security Act (Waxman-Markey bill) in June, 2009, which died "when Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid decided not to include a carbon cap or renewable energy standard on the stripped-down bill," according to Time.
Robinson Meyer, associate editor at The Atlantic, explains why China's "new national carbon-market program is such a huge deal."