Transit, Biking and Walking are Big Winners in Pennsylvania Gas Tax Increase
Angie Schmitt writes that transit will definitely benefit from the bill that Gov. Tom Corbett signed on Monday that is estimated to increase wholesale gas taxes by 28-cents over three years. This increase includes the elimination of the 12-cent state excise tax on gasoline.
Philadelphia transit agency SEPTA gets a big funding boost, enough to spare disastrous service cuts. Pittsburgh transit will also get some much welcome financial stability after years of uncertainty, fare hikes, and threats to service.
According to The Daily Pennsylvanian, the bill "will provide about $350 million in funding to SEPTA, which would have closed nine of its 13 regional rail lines by 2023 if it did not receive the extra funds." Read more about the "Doomsday Plan" the agency had prepared.
The below email from the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette explains how public transit received funding from the bill. Pennsylvania is one of 30 states that restricts gas tax revenues to road-only applications according to Brookings "Fueling Transportation Finance: A Primer on the Gas Tax" (PDF).
Transit will get funding from a variety of sources, but nothing from the Oil Company Franchise Tax. The Pa Turnpike currently pays PennDOT $450 million a year, $200 million of which goes to roads-bridges and $250 million to transit. The $200 million will be redirected to transit. Some "nonrestricted" vehicle fees that aren't constitutionally reserved for roads-bridges will go to transit, as will a share of the increases in traffic fines.
Walking and biking are also big winners, writes Sarah Stuart, whose group, PA Walks and Bikes, had been lobbying the legislature all year to ensure that active transportation funding would be in the bill.
As (PennDOT Secretary Barry) Schoch told advocates Monday night, “This is the biggest step forward for the bicycle and pedestrian modes of transportation in the history of Pennsylvania.”
Stuart lists four ways in which active transportation benefits, including:
- Sets an annual minimum of $2 million of that fund to be spent on bicycle and pedestrian facilities;
- Explicitly states that Pennsylvania’s comprehensive transportation system includes Pennsylvania’s “numerous bicycle and pedestrian facilities,” which will make it easier for bicycle/pedestrian projects to compete for highway funds.
According to the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, the legislation "will result in a net increase in the state gasoline tax of 9.5 cents per gallon starting Jan. 1; another 9.7 cents for 2015; and at least 8 cents for 2017." It is anticipated that gas retailers will pass "all or most" of the tax to motorists, writes Dustin Hockensmith of The Patriot-News.
Ryan Holeywell of Governing writes that the new law "will eventually mean more than $2.3 billion annually in additional funds for transportation infrastructure."