Public Transit’s Existential Crisis

U.S. transit systems are still scrambling to find alternate funding sources and adjust their service to new needs as ridership remains below pre-pandemic levels.

2 minute read

March 1, 2023, 7:00 AM PST

By Diana Ionescu @aworkoffiction


“How can you fill a revenue gap when the riders haven’t come back?” As Jared Brey writes in Governing, this is becoming an increasingly urgent question for transit agencies around the country. 

For San Francisco’s Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART), the answer may be putting a measure on the ballot asking voters to fund transit more heavily.“BART’s budget is balanced for the 2023-2024 fiscal year, but next year, it’s facing a $140 million deficit,” Brey explains. “Every year after that the system is looking at a deficit of around $300 million.” And while the agency has requested funding from the state, so far, they’ve only seen cuts in Governor Gavin Newsom’s proposed budget.

On the other side of the country, “The Metropolitan Transportation Authority in New York is considering raising subway fares above $3 as part of a suite of measures to plug an estimated $2 billion yearly revenue gap once federal funding runs out. The Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA) is facing gaps of between $286 million and $542 million in fiscal years 2026-2028 and is leaning more on state and local subsidies than it used to; MBTA’s fare recovery ratio dropped from 43 percent before the pandemic to less than 25 percent in the current budget, according to Lisa Battiston, an agency spokesperson.”

Reducing service may seem like an attractive option for cash-strapped agencies, but could in fact be “a feedback loop that makes everyone worse off,” according to Garett Shrode, a policy analyst at the Eno Center for Transportation. “Cutting service to save money would harm those riders and wouldn’t do much for most agencies’ budgets in the long run,” Shrode says. For many transit agencies, the path forward remains unclear.

Tuesday, February 28, 2023 in Governing

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