Can Mall Redevelopment 'Urbanize the Suburbs'?
With traditional retail tax bases such as malls losing popularity, cities have to contend with the question of what to do with the buildings and spaces left behind. In Virginia, some city leaders are "grasping for ways to retrofit forgotten malls for urban living" in an effort to urbanize the suburbs and revitalize slumping neighborhoods. Writing in the Virginia Mercury, Wyatt Gordon reports on how cities and counties are responding to the shift in demand for commercial real estate.
Henrico County director of planning Joe Emerson says his county is working to make redevelopment of malls easier through "reworking our form-based code to put the flexibility in place for the private sector to come in and redevelop these indoor malls." To encourage redevelopment at the site of the former Regency Square Mall, "the county paid for infrastructure and roadway upgrades to incentivize the recycling of existing commercial spaces, the addition of residential units and the construction of a new sports facility to anchor the development." Emerson says "people still want that suburban lifestyle, but people also want mixed-use communities." Since malls are often situated in prime locations along busy commuter corridors, county officials hope that they will serve as ideal locations for multi-modal transit hubs.
In many cases, "redevelopment rather than retrofitting is the best way to deal with dead and dying malls. "The fantasy that a mall will be converted to a new use doesn’t often pencil out for developers," says Daniel Herriges, senior editor at Strong Towns. "These single-purpose buildings weren’t built to last 100 years in the first place so many older malls lack exterior windows and have structural problems too. It’s way cheaper to demolish the whole thing and start anew."
Herriges also warns against cosmetic changes that don't truly enhance livability or access. "Many of these retrofitted communities have the outward aesthetics of New Urbanism but are flawed in the way the community actually works and is structured. City planning offices often get shiny object syndrome — they focus all of their energy on one golden goose and ignore all the incremental changes they could make to increase prosperity across the whole locality."