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"Introducing bike-share to a city correlates with an increase in light and heavy rail ridership, but a drop in bus ridership, according to a study from researchers at the University of Kentucky," reports Katie Pyzyk.
"The study found a 1.8% decrease in bus ridership. In addition, heavy rail ridership experienced a decrease of 1.3% per year after ride-hailing services entered a market, while bus ridership saw a decrease of 1.7% per year," adds Pyzyk. "But the data found that bike-share had a positive effect on subway ridership, increasing it by 6.9%, and light rail ridership saw an uptick of 4.2%."
Researchers analyzed data from the National Transit Database and the U.S. Census Bureau's American Community Survey for seven U.S. cities between 2002 and 2018.