Transit should make people's lives better, with density a key component of successful systems.
In an excerpt from his new book “Trains, Buses, People: An Opinionated Atlas of US Transit,” Christof Spieler reflects on what makes transit good, how it should improve people’s lives, and the role of density in developing successful transit systems.
Spieler says he uses transit in Houston and it works for him because he has easy access, service is frequent and efficient, and it takes him where he needs to go. He also points to a broader perspective on what goes into an effective transit system:
We need to talk about what matters—to focus on the quality of service, not the technology that delivers it; to talk about all kinds of transit riders, not just about a narrow target market; to understand that the transit experience depends on buildings and streets and sidewalks as much as it does on stations and trains; and, above all, to talk about getting transit in the right places.
Density is a key factor for transit, says Spieler. “The performance of a rail or BRT line is directly related to the surrounding densities. For example, the most successful light-rail systems in the United States—San Francisco, Boston, Philadelphia, Seattle, Newark, Jersey City, Buffalo, and Houston—serve large areas of over 10,000 people per square mile.”
He says locating transit in densely populated areas is crucial, even while acknowledging the challenges in doing so in the United States — shifts in density, misperceptions about which areas are actually dense, and the difficulties involved in building transit in dense places.
Spiegler also encourages increasing population density around transit:
Almost every transit line has room for new development along it: vacant lots, surface parking, aging single-story retail, underused industrial tracts. Even areas that already have density can be densified, and often the market supports dense new development in areas that already have an established residential market better than in relatively undeveloped areas.
He argues that transit-oriented development does well in the real estate market and urges cities to ease up on land use and zoning regulations that hinder this development and the density that comes with it. Rather, he says, cities should focus on policies that promote affordable housing in locations near transit.
Amtrak Ramping Up Infrastructure Projects
Thanks to federal funding from the 2021 infrastructure act, the agency plans to triple its investment in infrastructure improvements and new routes in the next two years.
Ending Downtown San Francisco’s ‘Doom Loop’
A new public space project offers an ambitious vision—so why is the city implementing it at such a small scale?
Proposal Would Transform L.A.’s ‘Freeway to Nowhere’ Into Park, Housing
A never-completed freeway segment could see new life as a mixed-use development with housing, commercial space, and one of the county’s largest parks.
Report: Bike Lanes Can't Make up for New Roads
If California wants to meet its climate goals, the state must stop funding its myriad road construction and expansion projects.
Minneapolis Affordable Housing Project Largest in 20 Years
The city opened its first large multifamily affordable housing complex in decades, but a recent court ruling against the Minneapolis 2040 rezoning plan could jeopardize future projects.
NYC Mayor Proposes Eliminating Parking Minimums
Mayor Adams wants to stop requiring off-site parking for new buildings to reduce the costs of construction as part of the ‘City of Yes’ package of zoning reforms.
HUD's Office of Policy Development and Research
Mpact: Mobility, Community, Possibility
Lassen County Planning and Building Services
City of San Carlos
National Capital Planning Commission
This six-course series explores essential urban design concepts using open source software and equips planners with the tools they need to participate fully in the urban design process.