President Obama Enacts Permanent Drilling Ban Along Arctic and Atlantic Coasts
"Tuesday’s announcement would ban drilling in about 98 percent of federally owned Arctic waters, or about 115 million acres, a pristine region home to endangered species including polar bears and bowhead whales," writes Coral Davenport, climate and energy reporter for The New York Times. "It would also block drilling off the Atlantic Coast around a series of coral canyons in 3.8 million acres stretching from Norfolk, Va., to the Canadian border."
In January 2105, a mere day after the Interior Department announced it would permanently block drilling in much of the Arctic Refuge, the president agreed to allow drilling in federal waters from Georgia to Virginia, in the Gulf, and some areas off Alaska.
The ban enacted on Dec. 20 invoked "an obscure provision of a 1953 law, the Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act, which [Obama] said gives him the authority to act unilaterally," adds Davenport.
"By taking this route, rather than issuing an Executive Order, Obama made it legally difficult for Republican President-elect Donald Trump's administration to reverse this action," reports Steve Horn for EcoWatch.
“We are hopeful the incoming administration will reverse this decision as the nation continues to need a robust strategy for developing offshore and onshore energy,” said Erik Milito with the American Petroleum Institute.
"Fortunately, there is no such thing as a permanent ban, and we look forward to working with the new administration on fulfilling the will of American voters on energy production.”
According to API, "[a] permanent withdrawal conflicts with Congress' stated purpose in creating the Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act (OCSLA), which was to make the outer continental shelf 'available for expeditious and orderly development.'"
"Mr. Obama’s legal experts say they are confident that the ban will withstand legal challenge," adds Davenport. "They point to the specific language of the law: 'The president of the United States may, from time to time, withdraw from disposition any of the unleased lands of the Outer Continental Shelf.'”
Joint action taken with Canada
The president's conservation actions were complemented by those of Prime Minister Justin Trudeau of Canada, who simultaneously announced a review of the federal government's Arctic strategy and agreed to a joint drilling ban with U.S., according to the CBC News. Unlike Obama's ban, though, Trudeau agreed to a review of policy every five years.
In their joint statement, they referenced energy, environmental, and Arctic initiatives the two leaders agreed to in March, each designed to limit climate change and "to strengthen the resilience of Arctic communities and continuing to support the well-being of Arctic residents."