Iowa Caucus Results: Cruz wins, Ethanol Mandate Loses
This is not your grandfather's Iowa, demographically speaking. While many have pointed to the Hawkeye State's lack of racial diversity, one change that escaped many in the media is its urbanization, and that means that the ethanol mandate, a requirement that biofuel be mixed into gasoline, is not of paramount importance, to the chagrin of the governor.
"It would be a big mistake for Iowa to support [Sen. Ted Cruz]," [Gov. Terry Branstad (R)] told reporters at a forum held by the Iowa Renewable Fuels Association, writes Coral Davenport, climate and energy reporter for The New York Times.
Energy policy experts, advocates in the fight on poverty and even other farmers say a law that has been a boon for Iowa has been a boondoggle to the rest of the country.
“Culturally, anything that supports corn is seen as good,” said Bruce Babcock, an economist at Iowa State University, pondering whether ethanol’s grip here was slipping. “But if Ted Cruz wins the caucus, there’s your answer.”
The article appeared in Monday's paper, the day the caucus was held. "With 98 percent of precincts reporting, Mr. Cruz had nearly 28 percent of the vote, Mr. Trump 24 percent and Mr. Rubio 23 percent," reports The New York Times on Tuesday.
"When the Renewable Fuel Standard (aka ethanol mandate) was enacted [in 2005], lawmakers hoped to ease the nation’s dependence on foreign oil while promoting a low-carbon, climate-friendly alternative," writes Davenport.
- Oil was nominally priced at $50, or $60.44 when adjusted for inflation in 2005. "Peak oil" was a concern due to declining domestic oil output. Fracking hadn't entered the modern lexicon.
- On Tuesday, "New York-traded crude oil fell 5.5% to $29.88 a barrel," reported The Wall Street Journal, less than half the inflation adjusted price a decade ago.
- "Domestic crude oil production surpassed crude oil imports in October 2013 for the first time since 1995," according to a White House blog post that was confirmed by PolitiFact, as the U.S. overtook Saudi Arabia to become the world's top oil producer in 2014. And the U.S. is now exporting crude oil, and not just to Canada now that the 42-year-old ban has been lifted.
That leaves only the environmental argument for the mandate. However, because of its implementation, carbon emissions are not being reduced as they would be if operated under a performance-based approach, as Margo Oge explained in a New York Times op-ed posted here Monday.
Ethanol has flourished without being subsidized for over four years. Can it survive without a mandate?