The Deadly Costs of Failing Infrastructure
"From coast to coast, the country’s once-envied collection of bridges, dams, pipelines, sewage treatment plants and levees is crumbling," writes Ron Nixon for The New York Times. "Studies have shown that a lack of investment in public infrastructure costs billions of dollars a year in lost productivity, as people sit in traffic or wait for delayed shipments."
However, costs go far beyond congestion. Public health, safety, and life itself are at stake. "Every year, hundreds of deaths, illnesses and injuries can be attributed to the failure of bridges, dams, roads and other decaying structures," writes Nixon.
The federal Department of Transportation (DOT) estimates that obsolete road designs and poor road conditions are a factor in about 14,000 highway deaths each year. Research by Ted Miller, a senior research scientist at the Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, which receives financing from the Transportation Department, put the medical cost of highway injuries from poor road conditions at $11.4 billion for 2013, according to the latest data available.
Nixon also writes about the loss of life due to other infrastructure failures including the lack of Positive Train Control for railroads, natural gas pipeline explosions, recent dam failures, disease outbreaks from "aging and crumbling water systems."
Much of America’s infrastructure was built many decades ago with the understanding that the structures would remain in place for no more than 50 years or so. But many structures have exceeded that age.
The six-year STRR Act that passed the House on Nov. 5 and the six-year DRIVE Act that passed the Senate on July 30 only keep transportation spending at current levels, adjusted for inflation, falling "far short of what many infrastructure experts say is needed, both in terms of time and money," notes Nixon.
“There is no question that there are safety impacts and loss of life because we didn’t take the time or spend the money to make infrastructure what it should be,” Anthony R. Foxx, the transportation secretary, said in an interview.
Joan Lowy of The Associated Press writes that Secretary Foxx indicated that a minimum of $400 billion over six years is needed. The STRR Act authorizes $325 billion, notes Lowy, though only has funds for the first three of the six years.
"President Obama, in his budget, had called for a larger, $478 billion program," writes David M. Herszenhorn of The New York Times on the passage of the House Bill last Thursday.
"Lawmakers in both parties say that fixing America’s aging infrastructure is a top priority but that political pressure to restrain government spending is getting in the way," adds Nixon.
One small fix would be to "simply" adjust the 18.4-cent gas tax, unchanged since President Bill Clinton increased it by 4.3-cents in 1993 (though Republicans tried to repeal it in 1996), to inflation, i.e., index it. Recent bills by Reps. Jim Renacci (R-Ohio) and Peter DeFazio (D-Ore.) met with predictable outcomes.