FHWA Releases Findings for 'Nonmotorized Transportation Pilot Program'
Through the Nonmotorized Transportation Pilot Program (NTPP), the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) provided over $25 million each to four pilot communities to construct pedestrian and bicycle infrastructure projects and programs. The FHWA recently released the results of eight years of study on four pilot projects, building on an earlier report released in 2012.
The four NTPP pilot communities—Columbia, Missouri; Marin County, California; Minneapolis area, Minnesota; and Sheboygan County, Wisconsin—represent a cross-section of American cities. They are geographically, demographically, and climatically diverse, and range from a college town (Columbia) to a large, metropolitan city (Minneapolis). With assistance from the Volpe National Transportation Systems Center, FHWA, the pilot communities, the Rails-to-Trails Conservancy, and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention formed a working group to oversee an eight-year evaluation of NTPP. Each pilot program resulted in permanent transportation additions in the four communities, and the results are striking.
These pilots show that integrated, active transportation systems are successful and beneficial when they are conscientiously designed and implemented. According to estimates, over the course of the program, the communities:
- Experienced a 22.8 percent increase in walking trips and 48.3 percent increase in bicycling trips
- Avoided 85.1 million vehicle miles traveled, saving an estimated 3.6 million gallons of gasoline and avoiding approximately 34,629 tons of CO2 emissions.
- Expanded 1/4-mile access to the bicycle network for approximately 240,000 people, 106,000 housing units, and 102,000 jobs.
- Observed a 20 percent decline in the number of pedestrian fatalities and a 28.6 percent decline in the number of bicycle fatalities despite increases in walking and bicycling.
- Experienced improved public health according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, including a reduced economic cost of mortality (death) of $46.3 million from bicycling in 2013.