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Cleveland has been hit hard over several decades by waves of population decline, recession, and lack of investment.
"City services began being slashed in the 1970s, then federal aid to cities fell dramatically in the 1980s and never recovered. Cleveland’s finances were ravaged again by the Great Recession – its neighbourhoods were devastated by foreclosure, and then, in 2012, Republican Governor John Kasich cut state aid to cities by half," writes Jake Blumgart.
The Cleveland that lifelong residents remember from before the 1970s no longer exists, says Blumgart, citing "some of the most inexorable forces in US history: anti-Black racism, deindustrialisation, population decline, state-level interference and aggressive suburbanisation."
Legislators and experts fear that without support in coming months, Cleveland could take another hit. "Like many US cities, Cleveland has spent the past half-century or more skipping from catastrophe to catastrophe. It can ill-afford another one," Blumgart writes. Cities like Detroit and Cleveland are unique, says Blumgart—no other advanced nation in the world has a racialized geography like the United States. The article lays out such practices as exclusionary zoning, restrictive covenants, and segregation as spurring the poor fiscal outcomes in the city of Cleveland.
"All of this ugly racial history devastated municipal finances," explains Blumgart. "All of this ugly racial history devastated municipal finances. Just as Cleveland became the home of the vast majority of the region’s low-income population, with the residents in the most need of public assistance, it became less and less able to maintain services."
Cleveland is a city that can't handle another recession.