The Disconnect Between Virus Prevalence and Local Business Climate

Public health experts assert that to safely reopen the economy, the coronavirus needs to be contained. In Manhattan, where the virus is largely controlled, chain restaurants are closing while their sister stores in Florida are expanding.

2 minute read

August 18, 2020, 7:00 AM PDT

By Irvin Dawid


Tada Images / Shutterstock

Florida has the nation's second-highest COVID-19 case incidence rate, with daily new cases of 30.3 per 100,000 people on Aug. 13, according to Harvard's COVID-19 Risk Level Map (described herebased on a 7-day moving average. Only Georgia is higher, with 33.8 cases per 100k people.

New York State's case incidence is almost one-tenth the rate that of Florida: 3.2 per 100k people. In Manhattan, the incidence rate is 3.5 daily cases per 100k people. Only Maine, Vermont, New Hampshire and Connecticut, respectively, are lower. But from a business perspective for some restaurants, the virus level might as well be irrelevant.

"Michael Weinstein, the chief executive of Ark Restaurants, who owns Bryant Park Grill & Cafe and 19 other restaurants, said he will never open another restaurant in New York, report Matthew Haag and 

Of Ark Restaurants’ five Manhattan restaurants, only two have reopened, while its properties in Florida — where the virus is far worse — have expanded outdoor seating with tents and tables into their parking lots, serving almost as many guests as they had indoors.

“There’s no reason to do business in New York,” Mr. Weinstein said. “I can do the same volume in Florida in the same square feet as I would have in New York, with my expenses being much less. 

Indoor dining is still not allowed in Manhattan, even with its low case incidence level. Gov. Andrew Cuomo, unlike some of his counterparts in other states, is extremely cautious in reopening New York. The first of four criteria noted on the "Metrics to Guide Reopening New York" for any of the ten regions [pdf] to reopen is that "the infection rate is sufficiently low." 

According to a recent New York Times opinion co-written by a public health expert and an investment banker, New York is still not ready to fully reopen.

"We believe the choice is clear" opine Michael T. Osterholm, director of the Center for Infectious Disease Research and Policy at the University of Minnesota, and 

"We can continue to allow the coronavirus to spread rapidly throughout the country or we can commit to a more restrictive lockdown, state by state, for up to six weeks to crush the spread of the virus to less than one new case per 100,000 people per day."

Going by the Osterholm/Kashkari standard, only Maine, with 0.9 cases per 100k people, met that reopening metric on Aug. 13, 2020.

Related in Planetizen:

Hat tip to The New York Times Coronavirus Briefing.

Tuesday, August 11, 2020 in The New York Times

Single-family homes in a suburban neighborhood in Florida.

New Florida Law Curbs HOA Power

The legislation seeks to cut down on ‘absurd’ citations for low-level violations.

June 16, 2024 - The Guardian

Multistory apartment building under construction.

New Tennessee Law Allows No-Cost Incentives for Affordable Housing

Local governments in the Volunteer State can now offer developers incentives like increased density, lower parking requirements, and priority permitting for affordable housing projects.

June 10, 2024 - Nooga Today

Aerial view of intersection in New York City with yellow cabs and zebra crosswalks.

Planners’ Complicity in Excessive Traffic Deaths

Professor Wes Marshall’s provocatively-titled new book, "Killed by a Traffic Engineer," has stimulated fierce debates. Are his criticisms justified? Let’s examine the degree that traffic engineers contribute to avoidable traffic deaths.

June 13, 2024 - Todd Litman

Bike parking in underground area with ramp for taking bikes upstairs.

California Building Code to Add Bike Parking Requirements

Convenient and secure bike parking can make a major impact on whether people adopt biking as a daily transportation option.

2 hours ago - Streetsblog California

Close-up on map of Kemmerer, Wyoming.

Nation's First Nuclear Power Plant in Nearly Half a Century Breaks Ground in Wyoming

Microsoft co-founder Bill Gates had shovel-in-hand for the groundbreaking of his company's small-scale nuclear power plant in Kemmerer, Wyoming, on June 10.

3 hours ago - WyoFile

Close-up of red Houston BCycle bike share bikes parked at a station

Houston Will Be Largest US City Without Bike Share

The city’s bike share system will cease operations at the end of June.

4 hours ago - Houston Public Media

Urban Design for Planners 1: Software Tools

This six-course series explores essential urban design concepts using open source software and equips planners with the tools they need to participate fully in the urban design process.

Planning for Universal Design

Learn the tools for implementing Universal Design in planning regulations.