Louisiana Municipalities Go Beyond 'Shelter in Place' with Curfews and Checkpoints

Four parishes and one town in Louisiana, which has the nation's highest COVID-19 per capita death rate, are implementing strict containment strategies that go well beyond the statewide stay at home order to reduce community spread.

April 5, 2020, 5:00 AM PDT

By Irvin Dawid


Drive-Through Coronavirus Testing

A drive-through testing facility in New Orleans, pictured on March 21. | William A. Morgan / Shutterstock

As of April 2, Louisiana had just over 9,000 recorded cases of COVID-19, fifth highest in the nation after N.Y., N.J., Michigan and California, according to the COVID Tracking Project via POLITICO. With 310 deaths, it was fourth after N.Y., N.J. and Michigan.

As posted earlier, St. John the Baptist Parish, La., about 30 miles west of New Orleans, led the nation with 27.8 deaths per 100,000 residents, followed by Orleans Parish—the city of New Orleans—with 25.8, according to data presented by Louisiana Gov. John Bel Edwards (D) at a news briefing Wednesday afternoon.

Faimon Roberts reports on April 2 for The New Orleans Advocate (source article) on the four parish curfews imposed by St. John the Baptist, Plaquemines, St. James, and Washington parishes. The town of Grand Isle, a barrier island in Jefferson Parish of about 1,300 people, has added travel restrictions on top of their curfew.

Grand Isle's new restrictions will require those entering the community at the southern-most point of Jefferson Parish to show proof that they own a residence or a camp there or that they are needed for their job, town officials said in a news release.

The point of the curfews and travel restrictions is to reduce outdoor social gatherings, a source of community spread, and reduce the strain on rural health care when infected residents seek treatment.

“The safety of our residents is a top priority and our medical services are limited, which is why we are putting these extra measures in place," said Grand Isle Mayor David Camardelle.

"We shut the beach down, but (some people) won’t take no for an answer," said Camardelle, adding that the average age of residents is between 50 and 90. "We are going to make sure we protect our people."

Curfew not just for pedestrians

The curfews began Wednesday night, April 1, with times varying for the municipalities. In St. James Parish, "[I]t will remain in effect each day, from 9 p.m. to 5 a.m., until further notice," according to WBRZ.

All pedestrian and vehicular movement will be prohibited during these hours except for travel associated with fire, police, emergency, hospital services, and the operation of essential businesses as provided by Governor Edwards' proclamation.

The proclamation was set to expire on April 12. On Thursday, the governor announced he had extended the order to April 30.

"It is absolutely critical that each Louisianan take this Stay at Home order seriously," said Edwards.

"Act as if your life depends on it – because it does. We have seen federal modeling data that shows that Louisiana could see more than 1,800 deaths by August. It doesn’t have to be that way. By working together, we can help flatten the curve in Louisiana, but we need all of our people to comply with the order."

Edwards was referencing the modeling prepared by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) which the White House Coronavirus Task Force unveiled on March 31. According to the Louisiana projection, the "projected peak in daily deaths" will be in 8 days, or April 9. Individual state models can be viewed by placing one's browser on "United States of America" on the homepage, https://covid19.healthdata.org/.

Testing reveals hot spots

During the White House Coronavirus Task Force press briefing on Thursday, Dr. Deborah Birx revealed that New York and New Jersey coronavirus testing showed 35 percent positives, with Louisiana the third highest at 27 percent, a measurement of hotspots.

In a separate article about Jefferson Parish leaders urging residents to practice social distancing, he reports that "an additional refrigerated unit has been brought to store bodies at the Coroner's Office" and that of the 80 deputies that were tested for the coronavirus, half were positive. Five deputies are hospitalized.

Related in Planetizen:

Thursday, April 2, 2020 in The New Orleans Advocate

Chicago Commute

Planning for Congestion Relief

The third and final installment of Planetizen's examination of the role of the planning profession in both perpetuating and solving traffic congestion.

May 12, 2022 - James Brasuell

Twin Cities

Minneapolis Housing Plan a Success—Not for the Reason You Think

Housing advocates praise the city’s move to eliminate single-family zoning by legalizing triplexes on single-family lots, but that isn’t why housing construction is growing.

May 13, 2022 - Reason

LAX Cars

Car Noise Is Killing Us

It’s not just traffic collisions that kill—a new study from researcher at Rutgers finds that the loud noises emanating from cars has direct impact on heart health in Americans.

May 6, 2022 - Streetsblog USA

Austin Bus

Austin’s Transit CEO Moving to D.C.

After overseeing a major system redesign and plans for its largest-ever expansion, the head of Capital Metro will take over Washington, D.C.’s transit agency.

44 minutes ago - KUT

Manhattan, New York City, New York

NYC 25x25 Plan Would Reclaim ‘13 Central Parks’ From Cars

A plan backed by New York City Mayor Eric Adams would repurpose 25 percent of the city’s street space for multimodal transportation and pedestrian plazas.

1 hour ago - Electrek

Rittenhouse Square, a park in Philadelphia, framed by large buildings.

Parks as a Weapon Against Climate Change

The 2022 ParkScore finds that cities are increasingly employing green space as a tool for mitigating heat and extreme weather effects, but the distribution of parks remains inequitable.

May 16 - Trust for Public Land

Urban Design for Planners 1: Software Tools

This six-course series explores essential urban design concepts using open source software and equips planners with the tools they need to participate fully in the urban design process.

Hand Drawing Master Plans

This course aims to provide an introduction into Urban Design Sketching focused on how to hand draw master plans using a mix of colored markers.