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Judge Halts Sales of New Coal Mining Leases on Federal Lands

Once again, the president's efforts to undo his predecessor's environmental legacy were thwarted by a court ruling. In this case, the Interior Department's failure to conduct an environmental review of a Trump executive order ran afoul of NEPA.
April 23, 2019, 7am PDT | Irvin Dawid
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"A federal judge late Friday delivered a significant setback to the Trump administration’s policy of promoting coal, ruling that the Interior Department acted illegally when it sought to lift an Obama-era moratorium [also posted here] on coal mining on public lands," writes Coral Davenport, who covers energy and environmental policy for The New York Times.

As part of President Trump's executive order on March 28, 2017, to roll back former President Obama's clean power plan rule and promote the extraction of fossil fuels, particularly coal, then-Secretary of the Interior Ryan Zinke was directed to lift the moratorium.

"Earthjustice filed the legal challenge mere hours after Zinke issued the order," writes Rebecca Bowe for the San Francisco-based non-profit public interest organization dedicated to litigating environmental issues.

The Northern Cheyenne Tribe, ecoCheyenne and the Montana Environmental Information Center, along with other national and regional conservation groups, including the Sierra Club, signed on to the lawsuit [pdf]. [See Bowe's March 29, 2017 article.]

Department of Interior officials, called "Federal Defendants" in the April 19, 34-page ruling [pdf] by Judge Morris, chose not to conduct an environmental review in lifting the moratorium, claiming that the move was a mere "policy shift." The court disagreed. From page 27:

The Court has concluded that the Zinke Order constituted a major federal action. ... The initiation of the NEPA [National Environmental Policy Act] process proves to be a “discrete agency action that it is required to take.” ... Federal Defendants’ decision not to initiate the NEPA process proves arbitrary and capricious.

While the ruling temporarily halts the sale of new coal leases on federal land, it doe not reinstate the actual moratorium which was issued by then-Secretary of the Interior Sally Jewell in her order to conduct a review of the financial and social costs associated with coal mining on federal lands as noted in her January 2016 press release.

While Morris wrote that "Federal Defendants must comply with the requirements of NEPA," he also wrote, "the Court cannot compel Federal Defendants at this time to prepare a PEIS [programmatic environmental impact statement], or supplemental PEIS, as Plaintiffs request."

"The decision means that 'the Interior Department has to go back to the drawing board if they want to continue to sell coal mining leases on public lands — they have to do a better job of legally and scientifically justifying this,' said Jenny Harbine, an attorney for Earthjustice, who took part in the oral arguments against the Trump administration," writes Davenport.

The judge also told the plaintiffs and defendants that in the coming months he will put forth a second legal decision on whether the Obama-era mining ban should be reinstated.

The ruling comes from the same judge and district court that halted construction of the Keystone XL pipeline last November in a ruling that bore a resemblance to Friday's ruling as both are based on following requirements specified in the National Environmental Policy Act. "The Department [of State] ... simply discarded prior factual findings related to climate change to support its course reversal," wrote Morris in the 54-page ruling [pdf]. 

Additional news articles on last Friday's court ruling:

 Related in Planetizen:

Full Story:
Published on Friday, April 19, 2019 in The New York Times
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