The New World Leader in the Fight Against Climate Change

With the Trump administration's abdication of its predecessor's position on fighting climate change, a void has been left in global climate change leadership. One expert believes that China may have already filled the leadership role.

2 minute read

February 8, 2019, 12:00 PM PST

By Irvin Dawid


Power Plants

Zhao jian kang / Shutterstock

"President Trump withdrawing the U.S. from the Paris Climate Accord in 2017 has left many asking who will now lead this work?" states Megan Thompson, host of the PBS NewsHour Weekend, at the beginning of a 4-minute segment on climate change.

It may end up being China, says Barbara Finamore in her new book, 'Will China Save the Planet?' She's an attorney and the founder of the Natural Resources Defense Council's China program...

In response to Thompson's question, "What led to China's turnaround...from being a nation that really resisted the international climate talks to being much more of a leading participant in Paris?" Finamore points to "2013, the year of the so-called Airpocalypse."

Indeed, the horrendous air pollution resulted in a rare moment of freedom of the press. “I’ve never seen such broad Chinese media coverage of air pollution,” Jeremy Goldkorn, a business consultant in Beijing who tracks the Chinese news media, told The New York Times (via Planetizen) in January 2013.

“From People’s Daily to China Central Television, the story is being covered thoroughly, without trying to put a positive spin on it....the apocalyptic skies above the capital this last weekend seemed to have encouraged an even greater enthusiasm for reporting this story," said Goldkorn.

A year later, physicists at UC Berkeley (Berkeley Earth) began measuring global air pollution, releasing their first report in 2015 that found that 4,000 people were dying daily in China due to air pollution.

But it was 2013 that marked the turning point, states Finamore. "That was the year that China became the world's largest investor in renewable energy. And that's the year that China began its historic climate cooperation with the United States." President Obama and President Xi Jinping announced a "U.S.-China Joint Announcement on Climate Change" the following year.

China recognizes that clean energy technology is the leading market opportunity of the 21st century. And just in the past decade it has become the largest user and largest producer and larger investor in renewable energy.

Just to give you an example, by 2020 China will have more solar power, as much as five times the United States, and it has one of every three wind turbines in the world, and it has become the largest market for electric vehicles.

However, China remains by far the world's largest consumer of coal, dependent on it for almost 72 percent of its electricity generation in 2015, though it is projected to drop to 47 percent by 2040, according to the U.S. Energy Information Administration, International Energy Outlook 2017.

Last October's Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) report "says coal-fired electricity must end by 2050 if we are to limit global warming rises to 1.5C."

Sunday, February 3, 2019 in PBS NewsHour

Rendering of electric scooters, electric cars, light rail train, and apartments in background.

Arizona’s ‘Car-Free’ Community Takes Shape

Culdesac Tempe has been welcoming residents since last year.

February 14, 2024 - The Cool Down

Aerial view of suburban sprawl with large single-family homes near Dallas, Texas.

The Changing Shape of American Suburbs

Housing costs and availability are pushing more American households, including young families, to suburbs and exurbs — and they’re demanding changes.

February 13, 2024 - Business Insider

Freeway toll booth with "Stop" and "Pay Toll" signs

Clearer Thinking About Transportation Pricing

It’s time to reform transportation pricing to reduce traffic congestion, crashes, and pollution, and improve non-auto travel options. Raise my prices, please!

February 13, 2024 - Todd Litman

Close-up of old, rusted water pipe leaking at joint.

White House Announces $5.8 Billion in Water Infrastructure Funding

The new funds add to the effort to replace aging infrastructure and lead pipes.

February 21 - ABC News

White and blue double-decker bus in Seattle, Washington.

Seattle to Introduce Electric Buses With Wireless Charging

In-ground induction chargers will reduce the cost of the charging network.

February 21 - Smart Cities Dive

Row of parked cars along curb.

Video: How Much Should Parking Cost?

Variable parking pricing can offer some of the same benefits as congestion pricing.

February 21 - Next City

News from HUD User

HUD's Office of Policy Development and Research

The Walkable City

Harvard GSD Executive Education

New Updates on PD&R Edge

HUD's Office of Policy Development and Research

Urban Design for Planners 1: Software Tools

This six-course series explores essential urban design concepts using open source software and equips planners with the tools they need to participate fully in the urban design process.

Planning for Universal Design

Learn the tools for implementing Universal Design in planning regulations.