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Aggressive New 'Housing-First Policy' Proposed in California State Legislature
[Updated January 4, 2018] California State Senator Scott Wiener took to Twitter and a blog post on Medium this morning to announce a new package of bills that puts forward a "housing-first" policy. According to Senator Wiener, his three proposed bills would:
- Mandate denser and taller zoning near transit.
- Create a more data-driven and less political Regional Housing Needs Assessment process (RHNA provides local communities with numerical housing goals) and require communities to address past RHNA shortfalls.
- Make it easier to build farmworker housing while maintaining strong worker protections.
The density and building height mandates referenced in the first point are included in SB 827. Senator Wiener's post criticizes the ubiquity of transit stations surrounded by single-family zoning, and states his cause: " Transit-rich areas are *exactly* where we should be putting dense housing. We must build more housing near transit so that we can reduce reliance on cars and so that more people can access the benefits of transit."
As for how the bill would achieve those goals, Senator Wiener writes:
Under SB 827, parcels within a half-mile of high-connectivity transit hub — like BART, Muni, Caltrain, and LA Metro stations — will be required to have no density maximums (such as single family home mandates), no parking minimums, and a minimum height limit of between 45 and 85 feet, depending on various factors, such as whether the parcel is on a larger corridor and whether it is immediately adjacent to the station. A local ordinance can increase that height but not go below it.
The reform of the Regional Housing Needs Assessment process is dealt with by SB 828, which calls for a "clearer, fairer, more data-driven, and more equitable process." According to Senator Wiener, "SB 828 also requires communities to begin making up for past RHNA deficits." It's not the first time Senator Wiener's has authored legislation that attempted to curtail RHNA abuses—last year's SB 35 required by-right approvals of affordable housing cities not meeting their RHNA goals. Marin County, a wealthy enclave in the North Bay Area made national news for legislating their way out of housing quotas last year. In July 2017, Liam Dillon of the Los Angeles Times provided an in-depth overview of everything that's wrong with California's RHNA process.
As the final piece of Senator Wiener's proposed housing policy package, SB 829 approaches issues of rural housing, creating "a by-right process where farm owners and operators can dedicate agricultural land for employee housing."
Astute observers of California housing policy legislation will recall that previous efforts to remove parking requirements from transit-adjacent neighborhoods met their demise due to opposition from the League of California Cities and other advocates for local control. This new package of bills, and SB 827 specifically, goes far beyond previous efforts. The local control versus state control debate that will play out around this package will be a political hot button to watch in 2018.