Planetizen readers have decided the who's who of urbanism (and its discontents) in 2023.
In May, Planetizen set out to revamp a list of "Most Influential Urbanists" last compiled in 2017. In a call for nominees, we challenged readers to think beyond the canon and nominate a more diverse collection of individuals and causes.
Planetizen posted the nominees in June, a list of 200 that included 53 Black and Indigenous People of Color (BIPOC), 15 BIPOC women, 54 total women, and several non-binary representatives as well (we didn't verify the gender or racial identity of each of the people on the list, so that count might be off by one or two here and there).
Since June 29, Planetizen received 982 survey responses ranking these urbanists, and we are ready to reveal the new list, which you can read below.
It's a Jane Jacobs's World
Jane Jacobs tops the list, with more than twice as many points in our weighted ranking system as the second name on the list, Jan Gehl. According to your votes, to say that Jane Jacobs looms large over the world of urbanism and planning, almost two decades after her passing, would be to understate her influence. But Jane's towering figure can not overshadow the relative lack of gender diversity in the first 20 names on this list. The canon of urbanism and planning is still very male and very white. It's a reflection of the world we have inherited, to be sure, but not necessarily of the one we will bequeath to future generations.
In all, 21 women are included in the final 100 (up from 17 in 2017). After Jane Jacobs, Anne Hidalgo, mayor of Paris and a new addition to the list, can be found at #7. Racial diversity made less progress on this year's list. It's obviously very hard to define the race of individuals, but by our count, 14 Black, Indigenous, and People of Color appear on this list (equal to 14 BIPOC individuals on the list in 2017).
A few other things we noticed from the list: Anne Hidalgo's ascent up the list to #7 reflects an ambitious urban agenda that transformed Paris from auto-centric to bike- and pedestrian-friendly in recent years. Donald Shoup's contributions to a wave of parking reform legislation around the country is also reflected in a rise to #6 on the list (from #13 in 2017). Carlos Moreno debuts on the list at #21, reflecting the prominence of the 15 Minute City as a talking point in contemporary planning "debates." The leading figures of the Congress of the New Urbanism continue to populate the list from top to bottom, with a large number of contemporaries on the list, from Andrés Duany, at #4, to Jeff Speck, at #10, and many more. Some of the forebears of the New Urbanism movement also rose up the list, like Christopher Alexander at #8 and Kevin Lynch at #13 (up from #20 and #14, respectively). A few nominees that could be plausibly perceived as anti-urbanist (e.g., Musk, Kotkin, Cox, O'Toole) didn't make it onto the final list. A few did, however, and Robert Moses even rose from #17 in 2017 to #14 on this year's list.
As an improvement on the 2017 methodology, Planetizen implemented a new weighted ranking system to assign values depending on the specific ranking assigned to each nominee. Planetizen also combed through survey respondents and disqualified duplicate survey responses from identical IP addresses. Planetizen also created a "Top Thinkers" in planning list in 2009, and the 2017 list was itself an attempt to broaden the discussion about the leading figures of planning, development, and conservation. Planetizen realizes the following list is not perfect—it still represents a significant bias toward the United States (Planetizen is a U.S.-based business with a U.S.-centric editorial focus)—but we hope these multiple iterations of this list are documenting incremental progress toward a more representative and honest assessment of the values and forces driving the planet forward.
[Editorial Note: All of those listed below that appeared on the 2017 Most Influential Urbanists include a reference to their previous placement.]
Planetizen's Top 100 Most Influential Urbanists
1. Jane Jacobs - (May 4, 1916 – April 25, 2006) The author of The Death and Life of Great American Cities, Jacobs is credited with nurturing a new era of community-led planning. Famously opposed Robert Moses on some of the most famous planning controversies of the 20th century. (#1 Most Influential Urbanist in 2017)
2. Jan Gehl - An architect and urban designer famous for refocusing design and planning on the human scale. Author of Life Between Buildings; Public Spaces, Public Life; and Cities for People, among other books. Achieved new prominence with the 2011 documentary film Urbanized. (#4 Most Influential Urbanist in 2017)
3. Frederick Law Olmsted - (April 26, 1822 – August 28, 1903) A landscape architect, journalist, social critic, and public administrator. Olmsted is considered the "father" of American landscape architecture, and is responsible for many plans and designs of open spaces around the country, perhaps most famously exemplified by Central Park in Manhattan. (#3 Most Influential Urbanist in 2017)
4. Andrés Duany - An American architect, an urban planner, and a founder of the Congress for the New Urbanism. Duany is credited with the plan and code for Seaside, the first new traditional community, the development of the SmartCode, and the definition of the rural to urban transect, among other accomplishments. (#5 Most Influential Urbanist in 2017)
5. Le Corbusier - (October 6, 1887 – August 27, 1965) Charles-Édouard Jeanneret, known as Le Corbusier, was a pioneer of modern architecture and planning. The "towers in the park" concept that emerged from his Radiant City Plan was adopted in cities around the United States. (#9 Most Influential Urbanist in 2017)
6. Donald Shoup - Distinguished research professor in the Department of Urban Planning at the University of California, Los Angeles. Author of The High Cost of Free Parking, which, since its publication in 2005, has succeeded in launching a new approach to parking policy as a fundamental aspect of planning and land use regulations in communities around the country. Parking reforms inspired by Shoup's writing and research have increased at a high rate in recent years, at both state and local levels. (#13 Most Influential Urbanist in 2017)
7. Anne Hidalgo - Current mayor of Paris, who has expended major political capital to deprioritize the automobile as the transportation mode of choice in the city's center, with vast improvements on traffic safety and air pollution, in addition to greenhouse gas emissions.
8. Christopher Alexander (October 4, 1936 – March 17, 2022) Architect and design theorist, regarded as the "father" of the pattern language movement. Co-author of the 1977 book A Pattern Language. (#20 Most Influential Urbanist in 2017)
9. Lewis Mumford - (October 19, 1895 – January 26, 1990) Mumford interpreted architecture and urban life in a social context, while working as the architectural critic for The New Yorker magazine for over 30 years and authoring numerous books, including The City in History (1961). (#6 Most Influential Urbanist in 2017)
10. Jeff Speck - A city planner and urban designer and a leading advocate for walkable cities. Author of Walkable City: How Downtown Can Save America, One Step at a Time (2012), among other books. Also a prominent figure in the Congress for the New Urbanism. (#21 Most Influential Urbanist in 2017)
11. Daniel Burnham - (September 4, 1846 – June 1, 1912) An American architect and a towering figure in the history of American planning, thanks to his work in co-authoring the Plan of Chicago. Burnham also contributed to plans for cities like Cleveland, San Francisco, and Washington, D.C. (#18 Most Influential Urbanist in 2017)
12. Janette Sadik-Khan - Commissioner of the New York City Department of Transportation from 2007–2013, while the nation's largest city pursued and delivered one of the most sweeping revitalizations of the city’s streets in a half-century. Currently the principal at Bloomberg Associates and chair of the National Association of Transportation Officials (NACTO). Author of Streetfight: Handbook for an Urban Revolution (2017). (#16 Most Influential Urbanist in 2017)
13. Kevin Lynch - (January 7, 1918 – April 25, 1984) An urban planner and author of The Image of the City (1960) and What Time is This Place? (1972). In The Image of the City, Lynch posited a theory of paths, edges, districts, nodes, and landmarks that is referenced implicitly or explicitly in many planning and design efforts of the current day. (#14 Most Influential Urbanist in 2017)
14. Robert Moses - The "master builder" of mid-20th century New York City and environs, Robert Moses is one of the most polarizing figures of modern city building. Perhaps the most powerful man in New York City for a long stretch of the 20th century, Moses pursued a campaign of modernism based on slum clearing, public housing projects, and high-speed automobile transportation evident in New York to this day. Moses's ambitions also inspired the growth of an opposition movement around Jane Jacobs. (#17 Most Influential Urbanist in 2017)
15. Charles Marohn - Founder and president of Strong Towns, a news and commentary website and a popular portal for advocacy on issues of planning. Authored Strong Towns: A Bottom-Up Revolution to Rebuild American Prosperity (2019) and Confessions of a Recovering Engineer: Transportation for a Strong Town (2021). (#10 Most Influential Urbanist in 2017)
16. William H. Whyte - (October 1, 1917 – January 12, 1999) Whyte's 1980 book The Social Life of Small Urban Spaces set a new standard of observation and the study of human behavior in urban settings. (#12 Most Influential Urbanist in 2017)
17. Ebenezer Howard - (January 29, 1850 – May 1, 1928), the originator of the garden city movement. Authored To-Morrow: A Peaceful Path to Real Reform, published in 1898, which described a utopian city in which people live harmoniously together with nature. (#19 Most Influential Urbanist in 2017)
18. Frank Lloyd Wright - Perhaps the most famous architect in U.S. history. Frank Lloyd Wright led the Prairie School of architecture and pursued the theory of organic architecture. Fallingwater, a home located in Pennsylvania, is a beloved example of his work. (#8 Most Influential Urbanist in 2017)
19. Brent Toderian - Vancouver chief planner from 2006 to 2012, during the city's 2010 Winter Olympics-related planning and design process as well as the EcoDensity initiative and the Greenest City Action Plan. Toderian is now a consulting city planner and urbanist with TODERIAN UrbanWORKS and vocal advocate for livability initiatives. (#52 Most Influential Urbanist in 2017)
20. Richard Florida - One of the world's most visible contemporary urbanists. Richard Florida authored The Rise of the Creative Class and, more recently, The New Urban Crisis. Serves as university professor, director of cities at the Martin Prosperity Institute at the University of Toronto, and founder of the Creative Class Group. (#11 Most Influential Urbanist in 2017)
21. Carlos Moreno - Colombian planning professor and researcher at the University of Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne who coined the term 15-Minute City, subject to culture war controversy in the months preceding this writing.
22. Elizabeth Plater-Zyberk - Co-founder of Arquitectonica and Duany Plater Zyberk & Company. A leader in the New Urbanism movement and the co-author of Suburban Nation: the Rise of Sprawl and the Decline of the American Dream, and The New Civic Art. (#15 Most Influential Urbanist in 2017)
23. Peter Calthorpe - Founder of Calthorpe Associates, Calthorpe is also one of the founders and the first board president of the Congress of New Urbanism. More recently, Calthorpe has been advocating for a "Grand Boulevards" concept to retrofit defunct retail strip malls as housing. The concept was legislated in California by AB 2011, which allows residential construction by-right on lots previously zoned for commercial uses. (#22 Most Influential Urbanist in 2017)
24. Gil Peñalosa - Founder and chair of 8 80 Cities, and a leading advocate for the design and use of parks and streets as great public places, as well as sustainable mobility: walking, riding bicycles, using public transit, and the new use of cars. Ran for mayor of Toronto in 2022 but came up short. (#44 Most Influential Urbanist in 2017)
25. Jane Addams - (September 6, 1860 – May 21, 1935) Known as the "mother" of social work. (#24 Most Influential Urbanist in 2017)
26. W.E.B. Du Bois - A sociologist, historian, civil rights activist, and founder of the NAACP. DuBois was the first African-American to earn a doctorate (from Harvard, in sociology) and rose to prominence in 1899 with the publication of "The Philadelphia Negro." According to Pete Saunders, DuBois "was among the first to openly say that discrimination was at the heart of problems within isolated black urban communities."
27. Rachel Carson - (May 27, 1907 – April 14, 1964) An American marine biologist, author, and conservationist. Carson's book Silent Spring is credited with bringing environmental advocacy to a new level of public awareness. (#36 Most Influential Urbanist in 2017)
28. Ian McHarg - A pioneer of the environmental movement, McHarg founded the University of Pennsylvania's Department of Landscape Architecture and authored the book Design with Nature, published in 1969. (#28 Most Influential Urbanist in 2017)
29. Enrique Peñalosa - Mayor of Bogotá from 1998 until 2001, and then from 2016 to 2019, overseeing major transportation and public space projects in the city. Also served as the president of the Board of Directors of the Institute for Transportation and Development Policy (ITDP). A controversial inclusion on the 2017 list. (#25 Most Influential Urbanist in 2017)
30. Michael Bloomberg - Michael R. Bloomberg is an entrepreneur and philanthropist who served three terms as the mayor of the city of New York, during a time of innovation in placemaking in the nation's largest city. Popular urbanism media outlet CityLab was bought by Bloomberg Media in 2019. (#23 Most Influential Urbanist in 2017)
31. Léon Krier - A leading proponent of New Urbanism and provocateur or modern urbanism. Best known for the development of Poundbury, an urban extension to Dorchester, in the United Kingdom. (#35 Most Influential Urbanist in 2017)
32. Jimmy Carter - The 39th president of the United States, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize, and a tireless champion of Habitat for Humanity. (#40 Most Influential Urbanist in 2017)
33. Joseph Minicozzi - Principal of Urban3, LLC, Minnicozzi is an advocate for downtown-style mixed-use developments, especially as preferred to big box retail. (#60 Most Influential Urbanist in 2017)
34. Edward Glaeser - Economist and professor of economics at Harvard University. Glaeser’s book, Triumph of the City: How Our Greatest Invention Makes Us Richer, Smarter, Greener, Healthier, and Happier, is a popular and widely cited reference for urban boosters. (#43 Most Influential Urbanist in 2017)
35. Henri Lefebrve - (June 16, 1901 – June 29, 1991) A Marxist philosopher and sociologist, best known for pioneering the critique of everyday life and for introducing the concepts of the right to the city and the production of social space. Author of 60 books and 300 articles. (#39 Most Influential Urbanist in 2017)
36. Rosa Parks - (February 4, 1913 – October 24, 2005) An activist in the Civil Rights Movement who set the stage for the Montgomery bus boycott with an act of civil disobedience on public transit. Not an urbanist by strict definition, but an activist with a profound effect on the most essential urban system of public transit. (#30 Most Influential Urbanist in 2017)
37. Saskia Sassen - Professor of Sociology at Columbia University and a member of the Committee on Global Thought. Coined the term "Global City," and authored Global City: New York, London, Tokyo, published in 1991. (#45 Most Influential Urbanist in 2017)
38. David Harvey - Marxist theorist in the field of urban studies, geographer by training, professor at the Graduate Center of the City University of New York, and prolific author. (#46 Most Influential Urbanist in 2017)
39. Patrick Geddes - (October 2, 1854 – April 17, 1932) A Scottish biologist, sociologist, geographer, and pioneering town planner, Geddes introduced the concept of "region" to architecture and planning and coined the term "conurbation." The 1909 drawing, the Valley Section, by Geddes, was an influential forebear of the contemporary development transect. (#41 Most Influential Urbanist in 2017)
40. Anthony Bourdain - (June 25, 1956 – June 8, 2018) A former chef, author of Kitchen Confidential, and the host of popular food travel shows No Reservations and Parts Unknown, Bourdain inspired a new era of food tourism in the United States and abroad.
41. Edmund Bacon - (May 2, 1910 – October 14, 2005) An American urban planner, architect, educator, and author. Served as executive director of the Philadelphia City Planning Commission from 1949 to 1970, earning the nickname "The Father of Modern Philadelphia." (#48 Most Influential Urbanist in 2017)
42. Jarrett Walker - A consulting transit planner, Walker's work in cities like Houston and his blog Human Transit leads current thinking about best practices public transit and mass transportation infrastructure. (#57 Most Influential Urbanist in 2017)
43. Kennedy Smith - Expert on commercial district revitalization and development, independent main street businesses, and economically and environmentally sound community development. Co-founded the Community Land Use and Economics (CLUE) Group, LLC. Also the longest-serving director of the National Trust for Historic Preservation's National Main Street Center. (#91 Most Influential Urbanist in 2017)
44. Mike Lydon - Principal with Street Plans and a leading proponent of Tactical Urbanism and the Congress for the New Urbanism. Co-author of Tactical Urbanism: Short-Term Action, Long-Term Change, Vols.1-5. (#75 Most Influential Urbanist in 2017)
45. James Howard Kunstler - Noted author and critic of suburban development patterns, best known for the book, The Geography of Nowhere. (#29 Most Influential Urbanist in 2017)
46. Mike Davis - (March 10, 1946 – October 25, 2022) Writer, political activist, urban theorist, and historian, best known for his investigations of power and social class in Southern California. Authored City of Quartz, published in 1990. (#92 Most Influential Urbanist in 2017)
47. Walt Disney - (December 5, 1901 – December 15, 1966) An entrepreneur, animator, voice actor, and film producer. In 1965, Disney began development of Disney World as a new type of city, the "Experimental Prototype Community of Tomorrow." (#37 Most Influential Urbanist in 2017)
48. Saul Alinsky - (January 30, 1909 – June 12, 1972) An American community organizer and writer and an early adopter and champion for many of the practices of modern community organizing. (#42 Most Influential Urbanist in 2017)
49. Pierre-Charles L'Enfant - (August 2, 1754 – June 14, 1825), A French-born American military engineer who designed the basic plan for Washington, D.C. known today as the L'Enfant Plan (1791). (#31 Most Influential Urbanist in 2017)
50. Jaime Lerner - (17 December 1937 – 27 May 2021) An architect and urban planner, founder of the Instituto Jaime Lerner and chairman of Jaime Lerner Arquitetos Associados. A three-time mayor of Curitiba, Brazil, during a period of revitalization that made the city renowned for urban planning, public transportation, environmental social programs, and urban projects. (#2 Most Influential Urbanist in 2017)
51. Peter Hall - (March 19, 1932 – July, 30 2014) Professor of planning and regeneration at University College London. Also served as president of the Town and Country Planning Association and the Regional Studies Association. Considered the "father" of the enterprise zone, a policy tool subsequently adopted by countries worldwide to support economic development in disadvantaged areas.
52. James Rojas - A leading proponent of Latino Urbanism and the founder of the Latino Urban Forum. Rojas has also championed a public-engagement and community-visioning method called PLACE IT! Rojas is also. Co-authored Dream, Play, Build (2022).
53. Majora Carter - An American urban revitalization strategist and public radio host from the South Bronx area of New York City. Carter's work focuses on inclusion and sustainability. (#70 Most Influential Urbanist in 2017)
54. Earl Blumenauer - The U.S. Representative for Oregon's 3rd congressional district, Earl Blumenauer is one of the federal government's most ardent supporters of alternative transportation, through public transit and bike infrastructure, as well as sustainability initiatives. (#81 Most Influential Urbanist in 2017)
55. Buckminster Fuller - (July 12, 1895 – July 1, 1983) An American architect, author, designer, inventor, and futurist. Fuller published more than 30 books and developed numerous inventions and architectural designs, including the geodesic dome. (#32 Most Influential Urbanist in 2017)
56. Fred Kent - Founder and former president of Project for Public Spaces, and an authority on revitalizing public spaces. (#62 Most Influential Urbanist in 2017)
57. Tamika Butler - Former executive director of the Los Angeles County Bicycle Coalition, Butler achieved national prominence speaking and advocating on the subjects of racial justice and transportation policy. Butler is currently the principal and founder of Tamika L. Butler Consulting while earning a PhD in urban planning from the University of California, Los Angeles.
58. Yonah Freemark - Senior research associate in the Metropolitan Housing and Communities Policy Center at the Urban Institute think tank. Freemark is one of the leading voices for public transit in the world, including with the popular blog The Transport Politic.
59. Georges-Eugene Haussmann - (March 27, 1809 – January 11, 1891) Commonly known as Baron Haussmann. Carried out a massive urban renewal program of new boulevards, parks, and public works in Paris commonly referred to as Haussmann's renovation of Paris. (#50 Most Influential Urbanist in 2017)
60. Frederick Law Olmsted Jr. - (July 24, 1870 – December 25, 1957) A landscape architect and city planner who worked on projects in Acadia, the Everglades, and Yosemite National Park as part of a life-long commitment to U.S. National Parks. Also a founding member of the American Society of Landscape Architects. (#34 Most Influential Urbanist in 2017)
61. Allan Jacobs - An urban designer and professor emeritus at the University of California, Berkeley. Authored the paper, "Toward an Urban Design Manifesto," with Donald Appleyard, among other books. Also served for eight years as the director of the San Francisco Department of City Planning. (#53 Most Influential Urbanist in 2017)
62. Carol Coletta - President and CEO at Memphis River Parks Partnership. Formerly senior fellow with the Kresge Foundation’s American Cities program, vice president of community and national initiatives for the John S. and James L. Knight Foundation, and president of ArtPlace. (#66 Most Influential Urbanist in 2017)
63. Jennifer Keesmaat - Served as chief planner of Toronto from 2012 until September 2017, during which the city underwent a period of rapid growth. Keesmaat is an active participant in the planning discussion, contributing numerous editorials for local publications that argued in favor of progressive transportation planning policies. (#54 Most Influential Urbanist in 2017)
64. Rem Koolhaas - Architect, architectural theorist, urbanist, and professor in practice of Architecture and Urban Design at the Graduate School of Design at Harvard University. Koolhaus is the author of multiple books, including S,M,L,XL, which includes an essay on urban planning titled "Whatever Happened to Urbanism?" (#56 Most Influential Urbanist in 2017)
65. Jacob Riis - (May 3, 1849 – May 26, 1914) Social reformer, "muckraking" journalist, and social documentary photographer. Wrote How the Other Half Lives (1890), inspiring a wave of reforms in the built environment, including the New York Tenement House Act of 1867. (#49 Most Influential Urbanist in 2017)
66. Theaster Gates - A Chicago-based installation artist, Gates's addresses urban planning, among other issues. Gates is also the founder and artist director of the Rebuild Foundation, a nonprofit organization focused on cultural-driven redevelopment and affordable space initiatives in under-served communities. (#99 Most Influential Urbanist in 2017)
67. Vitruvius - (c. 80–70 BCE – c. 15 BCE) A Roman author, architect, and engineer. Author of De architectura, whose description of perfect proportion in architecture and human form influenced Leonardo da Vinci. (#55 Most Influential Urbanist in 2017)
68. Donald Appleyard - (July 26, 1928 – September 23, 1982) An urban designer and theorist, teaching at the University of California, Berkeley. Author of the book Livable Streets and, along with Allan Jacobs, the paper "Toward an Urban Design Manifesto." (#84 Most Influential Urbanist in 2017)
69. Ellen Dunham-Jones - Professor at the Georgia Tech School of Architecture and director of the school's urban design program. Authored, along with June Williamson, Retrofitting Suburbia: Urban Design Solutions for Redesigning Suburbs. (#71 Most Influential Urbanist in 2017)
70. Ildefonso Cerdá Suñer - (December 23, 1815 – August 21, 1876) A Catalan Spanish urban planner who designed the 19th-century "extension" of Barcelona called the Eixample.
71. Mitchell Silver - Commissioner of the New York City Department of Parks and Recreation. Past president of the American Planning Association (APA) and former chief planning and development officer and planning director for Raleigh, North Carolina. Co-editor of Local Planning: Contemporary Principles and Practice. (#64 Most Influential Urbanist in 2017)
72. Sherry Arnstein - (January 11, 1930 – January 19, 1997) Originator of the "Ladder of Citizen Participation," a concept used to describe the level of community involvement in processes, among other core community engagement concepts.
73. Charles Montgomery - Author of Happy City: Transforming Our Lives Through Urban Design (2013) and founder of the urban design, planning, and research consultant firm, Happy Cities.
74. Dan Parolek - Architect, urban designer, and the founding principal of Opticos Design, one of the busiest zoning and urban design consultants in the United States. Parolek achieved widespread fame and notoriety by coining the term Missing Middle Housing, one of the most prominent contemporary planning trends and the inspiration of numerous local and statewide legislative reforms around the country in recent years.
75. Dan Burden - A leader in innovative transportation planning, working in the past as Florida's first state bicycle and pedestrian coordinator and as a co-founder of Walkable Communities, Inc. Burden is currently director of innovation and inspiration at Blue Zones, LLC. (#85 Most Influential Urbanist in 2017)
76. John Muir - (April 21, 1838 – December 24, 1914) A naturalist and author, most famous an early advocate for the preservation of wilderness in the United States. His activism helped preserve the Yosemite Valley, Sequoia National Park, and many other wilderness areas. Muir also founded the Sierra Club, which is one of the most active environmental groups, advocating positions on development projects throughout the United States. (#33 Most Influential Urbanist in 2017)
77. Paul Davidoff - (February 14, 1930 – December 27, 1984) Coined and developed the concept of Advocacy Planning with his wife, Linda Stone Davidoff. Primary litigant in the Mount Laurel decision, which established a state-constitutional basis for inclusionary zoning in New Jersey and established legal precedent for other jurisdictions around the country.
78. Richard Sennett - Centennial professor of Sociology at the London School of Economics and university professor of the Humanities at New York University. Sennett studies social ties in cities, and the effects of urban living on individuals in the modern world, and has authored many books on related subjects, including The Fall of Public Man, published in 1977, about the public realm, and Together: The Rituals, Pleasures, and Politics of Cooperation, published in 2012. (#90 Most Influential Urbanist in 2017)
79. Susan Fainstein - Currently a senior research fellow in the Harvard Graduate School of Design, with past professorships at Columbia University, and Rutgers University. Fainstein has authored and edited many books on urban theory, including Just City.
80. Thomas Jefferson - (April 13, 1743 – July 4, 1826) The third president of the United States (1801–1809), the principal author of the Declaration of Independence (1776), and an accomplished architect. Jefferson's designs for his home of Monticello and the University of Virginia campus are significant contributions to the architectural heritage of the United States, as well as influences on the federal style of architecture that survives to this day. (#53 Most Influential Urbanist in 2017)
81. Stefanos Polyzoides - Architect and urban planner described as the "godfather of New Urbanism." Co-founder of Moule Polyzoides, Architects and Urbanists as well as co-founder of the Congress for the New Urbanism.
82. Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five - A pioneering hip hop group formed in the South Bronx of New York City in 1976. Their classic song "The Message" is an instantly recognizable urban manifesto. (#72 Most Influential Urbanist in 2017)
83. Bruce Katz - Served for 20 years as the vice president and co-director of the Brookings Metropolitan Policy Program and was the inaugural Centennial Scholar at the Brookings Institution. More recently, Katz founded, with Jeremy Nowak, New Localism Advisors. Also authored the books The Metropolitan Revolution (2013) and The New Localism (2018). (#76 Most Influential Urbanist in 2017)
84. Jay Pitter - Toronto-based advocate for an inclusive city-building process and an urban planning adjunct at the University of Waterloo. Gained renewed levels of prominence in 2020, and continues to critique popular contemporary planning ideas like the 15-Minute City and the densification of cities as problematic extensions of historic planning mistakes.
85. Hippodamus of Miletus - (498 – 408 BCE) An ancient Greek architect and urban planner, among other intellectual pursuits. Considered the "Father of European Urban Planning" and the namesake of the "Hippodamian Plan" (grid plan) of city layout. (#59 Most Influential Urbanist in 2017)
86. Camillo Sitte - Architect, painter, and city planning theoretician. Authored City Planning According to Artistic Principles, published in 1889, frequently cited as a criticism of the Modernist movement. (#77 Most Influential Urbanist in 2017)
87. Naomi Klein - A journalist, activist, and author of This Changes Everything: Capitalism vs. the Climate, Shock Doctrine, and No is Not Enough. (#83 Most Influential Urbanist in 2017)
88. Valerie Plante - Mayor of Montreal since 2017, advancing an agenda of radical innovations in city planning as a response to the risks of climate change. Plante calls this vision for planning "sustainable urbanism."
89. Walter Benjamin - (July 15, 1892 – September 26, 1940) A philosopher famous for theories of aesthetics. Benjamin also focused academic inquiry on the concept of the flâneur. (#82 Most Influential Urbanist in 2017)
90. Emily Talen - Professor of urbanism at the University of Chicago, following previous faculty positions at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and Arizona State University. Author of numerous books devoted to the relationship between the built environment and social equity. (#97 Most Influential Urbanist in 2017)
91. John Nolen - (June 14, 1869 - February 18, 1937) A landscape architect and planner best known for work in Florida and Wisconsin. An advocate for regional planning and land use controls to counter land speculation. (#74 Most Influential Urbanist in 2017)
92. Henry Cisneros - Mayor of San Antonio, Texas, from 1981 to 1989—the second Latino mayor of a major American city and the city's first since 1842. Cisneros also served as the secretary of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) in the administration of President Bill Clinton. (#85 Most Influential Urbanist in 2017)
93. James Rouse - (April 26, 1914 – April 9, 1996) Founder of The Rouse Company, was a pioneering real estate developer, urban planner, and civic activist. In 1982, Rouse created the Enterprise Foundation, an organization that helps community groups build housing. (#69 Most Influential Urbanist in 2017)
94. Doug Farr - Founding principal and president of Farr Associates Architecture and Urban Design. Farr also founded the U.S. Green Building Council’s LEED for Neighborhood Development (LEED-ND) Core Committee and is a board member of EcoDistricts. (#88 Most Influential Urbanist in 2017)
95. Deanna Van Buren - Co-founder of Designing Justice + Designing Spaces and co-founder of BIG Oakland. Van Buren is a leader in researching, formulating, and advocating for restorative justice centers, as a radical transformation of the criminal justice system.
96. Diane Yentel - President and CEO of the National Low Income Housing Coalition, an organization growing in prominence for its advocacy during a nationwide housing affordability crisis.
97. F. Kaid Benfield - Former director for sustainable communities for the National Resources Defense Council and high profile author, writing at numerous urbanism publications and authoring several books. Currently the Senior Counsel for Environmental Strategies at PlaceMakers LLC. (#79 Most Influential Urbanist in 2017)
98. Harland Bartholomew - (September 14, 1889 – December 2, 1989) The first full-time American planner, who pioneered many of the techniques for what is now called comprehensive planning.
99. Janet Echelman - Famed for using art to bring a sense of wonder to public spaces. Also delivered a popular TED talk on the subject of imagination.
100. Joe Cortright - A frequently cited source on subjects of urbanism in his working writing and researching for City Observatory.
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