Parking Reform Gains Momentum

More cities and states around the country are recognizing the value of eliminating parking requirements.

2 minute read

March 30, 2023, 7:00 AM PDT

By Diana Ionescu @aworkoffiction

The movement to eliminate minimum parking requirements and reform land use patterns in American cities—an issue widely covered by Planetizen and passionately championed by Donald Shoup, who pioneered the concept with his book The High Cost of Free Parking—continues to gather momentum as more policymakers and community leaders understand the benefits of reducing parking mandates and encouraging denser, transit-oriented development that reduces sprawl, limits the need for personal vehicles, and puts daily needs within reach of most citizens. Robert Steuteville describes the growing movement in the Congress for New Urbanism’s Public Square.

According to Catie Gould of the Sightline Institute, while the movement began in downtown cores, “We are seeing a rapid rise in the number of cities eliminating all parking mandates, citywide. Some examples in the news lately include Anchorage Alaska, which covers an area larger than Rhode Island, and San Jose, California, home to a million people.”

As parking reform grows to be seen as more than just a local issue that impacts housing costs, climate resilience, and urban development patterns, some states are taking action as well. “California and Oregon adopted statewide reform in the second half of 2022, and a handful other states are considering similar legislation—some in other parts of the US.”

Steuteville draws attention to another key component of parking reform: curb management. “This issue is critical in communities where empty parking spaces at the curb are scarce. Cities should set the price of curbside parking at a level that maintains one or two open parking spaces on every block, at most times,” according to economist and planner Patrick Siegman, who says this type of parking pricing scheme reduced vehicle miles traveled in downtown Berkeley, California by 693,000 miles per year. Siegman also suggests ‘parking benefit districts,’ which keep parking revenue in the community and use it to enhance neighborhood services.

Steuteville points out that developers have not stopped building parking altogether. But eliminating strict, uniform requirements lets developers build based on market demand and reduce their construction costs. “Local officials trying to encourage more housing supply are increasingly seeing parking policy as a means toward that goal—with little cost and substantial benefit.”

Thursday, March 23, 2023 in Congress For New Urbanism

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