One of the Most Important Energy Measure on the Ballot on Tuesday

While billed as an "anti-fracking initiative," Measure Z in Monterey County, the 4th-largest oil-producing county in California, does far more. It bans new oil drilling and requires the cleaning of wastewater from current drilling operations.

November 6, 2016, 11:00 AM PST

By Irvin Dawid


While Measure Z is commonly referred to as the "anti-fracking initiative," there is no fracking in the county, for good reason.

"According to a representative for California’s Division of Oil, Gas, and Geothermal Resources (DOGGR), it...isn’t the most effective way to get the thick crude oil out of San Ardo’s ground, which is where the majority of the county’s oil production takes place," reports Brittany Nielsen for KSBW.

Steam injection is the most effective way. According to the state Department of Conservation, 15 times more water than oil is taken out of the ground in that proc

And that wastewater has to be disposed of. Readers may recall that the disposal of wastewater from drilling operations in Kansas, Texas, and Oklahoma has been associated with a flurry of earthquakes, the most powerful being a 5.6 quake in Oklahoma in September. In addition, they were likely the cause the earthquakes in Kern County in California in 2005.

However, Measure Z isn't aimed at seismic activity. It's focused on cleaning the wastewater.

About a third of that wastewater is currently cleaned through reverse osmosis, put in ponds, and percolates back into the ground. The rest is re-injected back where it came from, and that is what Measure Z would no longer allow, unless the water is cleaned.

Under the measure, a spokesperson for the Pro-Measure Z group, Protect Monterey County, says operators would need to first clean wastewater, and that would require expensive treatment plants to continue oil production as it currently exists.

Taken together with the prohibition of new drilling, it would well mean the end of oil drilling in the county, claim the measure's opponents, which would have a dire financial effect for all recipients of their property taxes. An image on the video (1:56) shows that during the 2015-16 fiscal year, schools received $5.476 million and the county $2.157 million.

Monterey County Weekly endorses the measure:

When opponents of Measure Z say it would do more than ban fracking, they’re right: It would force the industry to adapt within its existing footprint, treating all of its water and finding a new way to dispose of wastewater. We think that’s a good thing.

By this correspondent's tracking, Measure Z is the fifth "anti-fracking initiative" placed on county ballots.

Two years ago at this time, San Benito, Santa Barbara, and Mendocino County had such measures. Only the Santa Barbara measure failed, "the only one of the three places where well operators use the technique, and where they are seeking to expand it," according to KPCC.

Butte County (where Chico is located) passed a fracking ban last June with 70 percent of the vote.

“If they win in Monterey, it sets a precedent,” Amy Myers Jaffe, executive director for energy and sustainability at the University of California, Davis, told Amy Harder of The Wall Street Journal. “It would show there’s real political force behind this movement.”

Even if Measure Z should pass — litigation will likely follow over the issues of state vs. county regulation and whether the measure constitutes a 'taking.'

Related:

Also on Planetizen:

Other energy ballot measures to watch Tuesday:

Thanks to Katie Herzog of Grist for reporting on:

  • Florida’s Amendment 1 is an anti-solar ballot measure disguised as a pro-solar ballot measure.
  • Nevada’s Question 3 would amend the state constitution to break the monopoly that utility NV Energy currently has on the electricity market.
  • Colorado’s Amendment 71 appears to be “raising the bar” for amending the state constitution, but it could limit fracking bans and grassroots environmental action. 

Wednesday, October 26, 2016 in KSBW

Chicago Commute

Planning for Congestion Relief

The third and final installment of Planetizen's examination of the role of the planning profession in both perpetuating and solving traffic congestion.

May 12, 2022 - James Brasuell

Twin Cities

Minneapolis Housing Plan a Success—Not for the Reason You Think

Housing advocates praise the city’s move to eliminate single-family zoning by legalizing triplexes on single-family lots, but that isn’t why housing construction is growing.

May 13, 2022 - Reason

Single-Family Housing Construction

New White House Housing Initiative Includes Zoning Reform Incentives

The Biden administration this morning released a new program of actions intended to spur housing construction around the United States.

May 16, 2022 - The White House

Complete Street Vancouver

Study: Most of Vancouver Is a ‘15-Minute City’

A large majority of Vancouver residents can access a grocery store in 15 minutes or less by bicycle or on foot.

2 hours ago - Vancouver Sun

Montreal, Quebec

Urban Design, Transport, and Health

The Lancet medical journal published a series of articles that explore how to evaluate and guide urban planning decisions to create healthy and sustainable cities. Live long and prosper!

3 hours ago - The Lancet - Urban Design, Transport, and Health

MoGo Bikeshare Bikes

Detroit Bike Share Celebrates Five Years

In its five years of operation, Detroit’s MoGo bikeshare has added electric and adaptive bikes to its fleet of more than 600 bikes.

4 hours ago - MoGo

HUD’s 2022 Innovative Housing Showcase

HUD's Office of Policy Development and Research

Expanding HUD’s Eviction Protection Grant Program

HUD's Office of Policy Development and Research

New Updates on The Edge

HUD's Office of Policy Development and Research

Urban Design for Planners 1: Software Tools

This six-course series explores essential urban design concepts using open source software and equips planners with the tools they need to participate fully in the urban design process.

Hand Drawing Master Plans

This course aims to provide an introduction into Urban Design Sketching focused on how to hand draw master plans using a mix of colored markers.