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EPA Report: Auto Manufacturers Will Meet 2025 Fuel Economy Standards
Four years ago, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) agreed to auto manufacturers' requests to perform a 'midterm evaluation' for meeting the rigorous 2025 fuel economy and greenhouse gas emission standards. The idea was to allow for the possibility of reducing the standards in the latter years should they prove too difficult to meet.
A draft report issued July 18 by EPA in coordination with the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), a division of the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT), and the California Air Resources Board (CARB), shows there won't be a need for decreasing the 54.5 mpg goal.
"The draft TAR [Technical Assessment Report] shows that automotive manufacturers are innovating and bringing new technology to market at a rapid pace, and that they will be able to meet the MY [model year] 2022-2025 standards established in the 2012 rulemaking with a wide range of cost-effective technologies," states the announcement by the U.S Department of Transportation. [Italics added.].
Furthermore, they will be able to meet the standards without greater adoption of electric vehicles (EVs).
"Today’s draft report shows that automakers are developing far more technologies to improve fuel economy and reduce greenhouse gas emissions, at similar or lower costs, than we thought possible just a few years ago. And they are adopting these fuel-saving technologies into their fleets even faster than anticipated,” said Janet McCabe, acting assistant administrator for EPA’s Office of Air and Radiation. “This is simply great news for consumers, manufacturers, workers and the climate.”
The report "shows that the standards can be met largely with more efficient gasoline powered cars – we continue to project that only modest penetration of hybrids and only low levels of electric vehicles are needed to meet the standards," states the report's introductory webpage. [Italics added.]
View from EPA critics
The announcement omits stating that manufacturers will actually meet the 54.5 mpg standard by 2025.
"Even with all those positives, government officials said, the 54.5 mpg goal is off the table," reports Sharon Silke Carty, editor of Automotive News (paywall protected). "Lower gasoline prices have kept demand for SUVs, crossovers and other light trucks higher than originally anticipated, meaning the advances in fuel economy technology won’t be reflected fully in the fleet averages, which are sales-weighted."
Hat tip to AASHTO Journal.