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The Los Angeles Department of City Planning (DCP) is hoping to leverage the eight-year Regional Housing Allocation (RHNA) process to ensure that affordable housing development and growth are distributed equitably across its neighborhoods.
According to an article by Steven Sharp, DCP staff co-authored a new report with the city's Housing and Community Investment Department to document the inequities of affordable housing development in L.A. over the past decade. The report also suggests short- and long-term policies designed to shift the distribution of affordable housing to more affluent parts of the city.
According to Sharp's summary of the report's finding, "over the past decade, affordable housing has been increasingly concentrated in majority-minority neighborhoods in Central and South Los Angeles, which have long been characterized by poverty and segregation." Specifically, "Just 14 percent of the city's affordable units over that time period - nearly 1,600 in total - were built in high-resource communities, compared to 62 percent in low-resource neighborhoods."
The report also blames zoning for contributing to that divide. "In high resource communities, 76 percent of residential parcels are zoned for single-family uses, with 20 percent set aside for apartments," explains Sharp. " In low resource neighborhoods, the ratio is flipped, with 80 percent of residential land zoned for apartments and just 20 reserved for single-family homes."
The policy recommendations in the report include zoning changes that target high-opportunity communities proximate to transit routes. "Additionally, the report proposes more flexible zoning and new incentives to promote the construction of so-called 'missing middle' housing in current single-family and low-density neighborhoods," reports Sharp. Also included in the report's policy recommendations: the idea of a citywide inclusionary zoning policy.
More details and recommendations are included in the source article linked below.