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In the wake of last year's Black Lives Matter protests and America's nationwide reckoning on race, Black developers are calling for a similar awakening in the real estate industry. Writing in the Washington Post, Amanda Abrams reports on the lack of diversity among developers and how that has led to "real estate projects overwhelmingly targeted to middle- and upper-income groups."
"Statistics for developers are difficult to come by, but Urban Land Institute (ULI), a national real estate and land use industry association, says 5 percent of its members identify as Black or African American." In a series of Washington Post inquiries, Black developers agreed that "their opportunities have been limited by racism, institutional bias and a lack of connection to powerful networks." This makes it harder for Black-led firms to get loans for their projects, says Diarra McKinney of Rosewood Strategies, a D.C. development firm. When the loans do come through, "the terms are not the same; the interest rate will be much higher. And you don’t know why that is. It’s all behind the scenes."
"Developers also need equity, in the form of investments from friends, family or private firms, to close their deals. And that can be even harder for Black developers to procure than bank credit. The asset management industry, which includes institutional investors and private equity groups, is overwhelmingly White. And family and friends, even well-off ones, simply may not have the extra funds to invest in a real estate project."
The inequity in development, says Curtis Doucette, managing partner of Iris Development, is "a function of the wealth disparities in this country." With less net worth in the Black community as a whole, it becomes more difficult to secure investment and get projects off the ground.
Some Black developers operate in the affordable housing space, where returns are lower and "the deals are perceived as more of a hassle to finance and manage." Adeola Adejobi, who runs the Diversity in Commercial Real Estate Conference, says minority developers who "grew up in those communities" bring a different, more people-centered perspective. For developers like Bree Jones of Parity Homes, equity is essential. Jones is working on redeveloping 96 rowhouses in west Baltimore, to be sold at affordable rates to local families. She hopes projects like hers can bring "development without displacement" to communities that need it. The question for many is whether the recent interest in supporting Black developers and Black-led firms will create lasting momentum and change.