Connecting Light Rail Plans to Affordable Housing Opportunities
Snohomish County's Fall 2020 Light Rail Communities program, as a part of an in-progress workshop to plan subareas around two proposed light rail station locations, has solicited feedback from the community about housing affordability, now and in the future. According to Shaun Kuo, the conversation comes at a time when affordable housing prospects are dwindling in Snohomish County.
"The County presents worsening figures for housing affordability, as new housing grew 7% slower than new households, there was a 50% to 67% decline in low rent housing in the county between 2011 and 2017, and 30% of homeowners and 50% of renters were cost burdened–spending more than 30% of their income on housing and utilities," Kuo reports. Lower rates of homeownership among Black, Indigenous, and people of color (BIPOC) communities shows that the burden of a lack of housing affordability tends to fall on these groups.
Given the need to add 200,000 units to the housing market by 2050, Snohomish County acknowledges that about half of the new stock should be subsidized low-income households and should be built around high capacity transit, Kuo says.
The article discusses Missing Middle Housing, incentives, inclusionary housing, and local housing projects as housing approaches to consider to increase affordable housing options in the county. Recently, the 2017 Census Bureau data reported that 65% of the county’s 300,000 housing units were detached single-family homes, 23% was multifamily, and under 7% was single-family attached–townhouses, duplexes, etc.
Another desired housing type: missing middle housing. "Middle housing isn’t precluded from Snohomish County’s development regulation and zoning, but one reason why that kind of housing is lacking is due to building industry cost models not favoring middle housing. The county’s Urban Core Subarea Plan will be reviewing existing development regulations to search for opportunities to encourage missing middle housing," writes Kuo.
The workshops acknowledge the potential impacts of light rail stations to increase housing cost rise and cause displacement as a result. "Preserving existing affordable housing and supporting the development of diverse dwelling sizes and types to meet the needs of the current and future population will be a part of the Urban Core Subarea Plan’s guiding principles," reassures Kuo.