New efforts by the Trump administration to potentially curtail local land use regulations require closer examination.
[Updated August 19, 2019]
The news broke yesterday that President Trump would sign an executive order creating a new, "White House Council on Eliminating Regulatory Barriers to Affordable Housing."
With the executive order now signed and made public, there's a lot more information to decipher and analyze in an effort to understand the scope of the new council's mission, its power to achieve desired effects, and how the Trump administration's new level of involvement could shake up the politics of development at the local and state levels.
Emily Badger, writing for The New York Times, notes that the motivating factor behind the new council—that regulations "stymie new housing construction"—is an idea shared by many progressive housing advocates and "even Barack Obama." But that doesn't mean that left-leaning pro-development types (YIMBY, to use the parlance of our times) will find a lot to like about this news from the Trump administration.
Over the next year, the new White House council, led by Ben Carson, the secretary of Housing and Urban Development, will study local, state and federal rules that drive up the cost of housing, delay its construction or block it entirely.
Among the voices reacting with some concern about the potential of some of the Trump administration's reforms to go awry of progressive pro-development policy, the National Low Income Housing Coalition issued a press release warning that the council "will likely work to remove important federal regulations that protect fair wages, fair housing, the environment, and more, and not the restrictive local zoning over which the federal government has very little control."
The press release also notes that despite recent statements critiquing local land use regulations, and supporting the reforms proposed by the Minneapolis 2040 Comprehensive Plan, U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development Secretary Ben Carson has a track record of voicing support for exclusionary zoning and the protection of single-family residential neighborhoods.
As Badger notes, all these interpretations of the ideologies of housing policy "point to the strange politics of housing deregulation."
A Twitter thread by CityLab writer Kriston Capps also digs into the scope of the Trump administration's recent actions, noting especially the likely event of Community Development Blog Grants being used as the policy "stick" (as opposed to a carrot) in future federal policies designed to spur more housing production out of local governments.
Here it is: The Trump administration is launching its housing plan. (Only it’s not really a housing plan.) https://t.co/THCYsivqO1
— Overvacationing (@kristoncapps) June 25, 2019
Capps notes that a Republican senator recently proposed a law that would tie CDBG funds to unzoning and deregulation, and Democrats, like Rep. Maxine Waters (D-California) also support the idea.
Capps argues that leveraging CDBG funds "would punish poor towns and wealthy coastal liberal enclaves," which also might be "more of a feature than a bug" for Republican lawmakers.
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